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Unformatted text preview: • Sociological Theories and Methods • The defining features of globalization • Unprecedented interdependence at the world level – “time-space compression” • Decreasing utility of military competition – end of the Cold War • Increasing economic exchange and competition • Sociological Questions • By what processes does globalization come about? • Do national boundaries still matter? • Mexico • Why focus on Mexico? – The problem of national boundaries in the context of increasing global interdependence • Sharing 2,000-mile border with the U.S. • Basic Facts about Mexico • About 3 times the size of Texas • Population: 108 million (approx.) • Work force: 40 million (approx.) • Religions: – Roman Catholic 86% – Protestant 6% – Other 5% • Economic Relations with the U.S. • Exports to the U.S. account for almost a quarter of the country’s GDP – Petroleum – Cars – Electronic equipment • Why do people in Mexico come to the U.S.? • Sociological Perspectives • Structural-functionalist perspective • Conflict perspective • Symbolic interactionist perspective • Globalization: • Types & Consequences • Financial Globalization • Increasingly free movement of financial capital around the globe due to: – Changes in trading room technology – Deregulation of national financial markets – Changes in international banking practices • Economic Globalization • Finance • Business • Labor • Goods • Services • Political Globalization • International governmental organizations • International regulations • International non-governmental actors • Cultural • As a byproduct of economic globalization – The experience of everyday life become standardized: food, fashion, pop culture … • As an autonomous process – Environmental consciousness – A new culture of equality and respect for diversity – The development of global citizen identity • Globalization kills culture? “After the big companies have reached their goal and have collected enough money to buy a planet, they go home and all that is left are products. Globalization only gives us products, and kills our culture. Culture, if we help it, can last forever but toys are only temporary and are insignificant compared to who we are.” only temporary and are insignificant compared to who we are....
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2008 for the course SOCI 206 taught by Professor Evans during the Spring '08 term at Texas A&M.
- Spring '08