takenote1 - IX. Types of Attachment A. using her strange...

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IX. Types of Attachment A. using her strange situation technique, Ainsworth have come up with four kinds of attachment. 1. Secure attachment is demonstrated when caregiver leaves and baby is less likely to cry, but may cry some. The baby may also demonstrate reduced exploration during this separation. The infant is happy upon return, and is easily comforted easily by the caregiver. i. Typically you see caregiver that is warm and responsive ii. 65% of babies in North America demonstrate this kind of attachment with their caregiver. These rates are pretty consistent worldwide. 2. avoidant attachment is when infant doesn’t acknowledge the caregiver’s whereabouts. For example, when caregiver returns, baby avoids contact with caregiver or is slow to greet the caregiver. Often the caregiver is cold and doesn’t respond to the baby’s needs. The infant’s stress level as measured by its cortisol increases dramatically and doesn’t come down easily. i. This type of attachment is present in twenty percent of north American infants. 3. resistant attachment or anxious and ambivalent attachment. This is when the infant is often clingy and not willing to explore, even from the very beginning. The infant typically and easily gets very distressed when the caregiver leaves, but remains distressed upon the return of the caregiver. Sometimes the infant will respond with anger to the caregiver. Babies are hard to console. Common characters =alternating between smothering attention and ignoring the baby. Thus caregiving is interpreted as inconsistent and unpredictable. i. Present in 0-15% of n. American infants. 4. disorganized or disoriented attachment is most maladaptive style of attachment. Infants show mixed play behavior in that they may explore some or not at all, as well as mixed behavior in response to the separation with the caregiver. Typically, when the caregiver returns, the baby shows confused and contradictory behavior. It may have a dazed expression or just freeze. Sometimes the caregiver acts frightened or fearful with the role reversal of now having to seek care from the baby. Abused infants have this. i. 5-10% have this X. more about attachment A. cultural variations exist in insecure attachment 1. in japan, more anxiously attached babies than avoidant babies 2. in germany where there is a societal push for independence, there are more avoidant infants than anxious or resistant infants.
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3. thus, research suggests that differences are culturally adaptive. 4. very extensive coding procedures for assessing attachment during the reunion stages, based on four dimensions. i. Proximity seeking-how much baby tries to get closer to the caregiver ii. Contact maintenance-how much does the infant maintain contact with caregiver iii. Resistance to reuniting with caregiver iv. Avoidance to the caregiver 5. ainsworth conducted these studies at the infant’s own homes. CAREGIVER’S RESPONSIVENESS TO THE CHILD IS RELATED TO
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takenote1 - IX. Types of Attachment A. using her strange...

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