History 319b test 1 study guide.docx - History 319b test 1 study guide Professor Colleen Woods Gulf of Tonkin A body of ocean located off the coast of

History 319b test 1 study guide.docx - History 319b test 1...

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History 319b test 1 study guide Professor Colleen Woods Gulf of Tonkin - A body of ocean located off the coast of south of China and North Vietnam. Two Incident occurred that increased U.S. to be more directly involved in fighting with the N. Vietnamese in the Vietnam War 1. Incident 1: On 8/2/1964, the destroyer ship, USS Maddox, was pursued and attacked by 3 North Vietnamese navy torpedo squadrons as the USS Maddox was performing intelligence patrol. 2. Incident 2: On 8/4/1964, the Maddox and Turner Joy destroyer supposedly reported both ships were under attack by N. Vietnamese Torpedo boats. Hanoi insisted that it did not launch a 2nd attack. 3. Importance: It lead to a congressional resolution by the U.S. in 1964 ( Gulf of Tonkin Resolution) that gave the President Lyndon Johnson the authorization, without a formal declaration of war by congress, to use conventional military power to do whatever is necessary to repel any armed attack against the forces of the U.S. and prevent further aggression by the communist government of N. Vietnam. Dai Viet- The original name for Vietnam during the periods of 1054-1400 & 1428-1804. 1. In the early days of Vietnam, the region was split by different ethnic groups. The Dai Viet were in the North and they slowly moved down and overruled Champa, they are the founders of current day Vietnam, or at least geographically. National Liberation Front (NLF) - A S. Vietnamese Political organization that formed in the 1960 to contribute in overthrowing the S. Vietnamese Government under President Ngo Dinh Diem and reunification of North & South Vietnam. 1. This political organization served as the political arm to the military powers of the Viet Cong. 2. **Important to realize they had a neutral front but they were lowkey just another group that worked with the communists 3. Importance: Reached the height of its power during the Tet Offensive, when the communists launched a coordinated attack against key urban spots (hamlets) throughout South Vietnam. Le Duan- One of the original founding members of the Indochinese Communist Party in 1930, became the general Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam, and the successor to the late Ho Chi Minh (1969). Unlike Ho Chi Minh’s approach of establishing peace between the North & South Vietnam, he saw militant power should be the means of ensuring final victory. 1. Importance: He was the main idealist behind his supporters in gaining influence to have Hanoi assist S. Vietnamese Revolutionaries in overthrowing Ngo Dinh Diem as their president in order to unify their country by any means necessary South First- Policy in which South Vietnamese hoped the DRV would be in full support in ensuring a similar revolution that N. Vietnamese was experiencing. However, violence was maintained to ensure self defense Policies that put the South Vietnamese ‘first’.
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