Literature Review.docx - Pornography Use and Relationship...

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Pornography Use and Relationship SatisfactionThe Relationship Between Pornography Use and Relationship SatisfactionResearch ProposalUniversity of Central Florida1
Pornography Use and Relationship SatisfactionA great deal of research has suggested a strong relationship between the use of pornography and the satisfaction of romantic relationships (Rasmussen, 2016). Minarcek (2016) asserts that not only does pornography use interfere with relationship satisfaction, it also impacts levels of commitment, passion, and intimacy. Among participants in Minarcek’s study, males were considerably more likely to be consumers of pornographic material (80%) than females (59%). Additionally, Minarcek found that males were much more likely to be individual users ofand significantly less likely to not use pornography at all. A significant finding from this study also revealed that among users of both genders, male users report lower levels of relationship satisfaction than do female users.Kinds of Pornography Use When it comes to pornography use in a romantic relationship, there is not simply the existence of pornography use or the nonexistence of pornography use. The three groups generally studied include individual use, shared use, and no use (Rasumussen, 2016; Minarcek, 2016). Cooper et al. suggest that individual use is more prevalent than shared used (as cited in Rasmussen, 2016). Additionally, according to Minarcek (2016), the gender of the user seems to make a significant difference. Couples reported higher rates of sexual and relationship satisfaction where the female consumed pornography compared to couples where the female partner did not consume pornography and in couples where only the male partner partook in pornography use, sexual satisfactions rates were lower. Rasmussen (2016) found that couples who did not use pornography either together or individually reported higher relationship quality in terms of communication, relationship adjustment, commitment, sexual satisfaction, and infidelity. Similarly, couples where use was only implemented together, reported higher relationship quality in terms of the aforementioned 2
Pornography Use and Relationship Satisfactioncomponents. However, an exception lies within the idea of infidelity wherein mutual users of pornography were twice as likely to be unfaithful than nonusers. Elements of a Stable RelationshipIn a discussion of negative impacts of pornography use on a relationship, it is important to note what factors contribute to a successful relationship. According to Manning (2006), contributing factors include trust, expectations of fidelity, communication, shared values, how often positive and negative interactions occur, frequency and quality of sexual activity, and assumptions of permanence. Rasmussen (2016) argues that while not every successful relationship contains all these qualities, if the use of pornography impacts these qualities, it can be accepted that pornography use subsequently impacts relationships stability.

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