deforestation in china paper

deforestation in china paper - Brianna Berg Forestry 100...

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Brianna Berg Forestry 100 Dr. Guries 4 March 2008 Deforestation in China As a rapidly developing country, China raises some great concerns for the rest of the world. Currently the country contains roughly 22% of the world’s population, a figure which is increasing substantially every year. In 1942 the population was recorded at only 543 million. However, today there are more than 1.3 billion Chinese (General Information). The most prevalent climate type is temperate due to the influence of monsoons although there is a lot of variance between different regions of the country because it is so large. There are places in northern China that do not experience summer and vice versa in the southern parts. Annual precipitation also varies from 1,500 millimeters around the southeastern coast to less than 50 millimeters in some regions. The economy of China is perhaps one of the most important changes occurring after the obvious population growth issue. The National Gross Product jumped an incredible $4 trillion since 1978, which is a 22-fold increase. Unfortunately, an increase in wealth for the country has also increased the demand for timber and caused a lot of environmental problems. It has led to the loss of significant areas of forests and the expansion of tree monocultures and has even led to deforestation in surrounding countries as well (China: Exporting deforestation). Currently, the UN estimates that there has been deforestation equivalent to an area four times the size of Hong Kong due to logging. It has also been estimated that in the past fifteen years, certain areas have lost as much as 30% of their forest cover. Furthermore, approximately 10 million hectares of forest has been converted to non-forest uses in the same
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time period (China Says). The production of commercial lumber is a major cause of the deforestation occurring due to the rapid increase in the economy and need to lumber to support it. The Heilongjian province produced 465 million cubic meters of lumber alone between 1949 and 1986. The other major contributor to the destruction of forest is slash and burn agriculture and industrialization. This method of farming destroys around 62,000 hectares. An additional 6,000 hectares were also cleared for silkworm and mushroom farming. In an effort to industrialize, there is proof that 125,000 hectares of forest were cleared to make room for things such as railroads, highways, and high voltage power lines. Lastly, an additional 47,000 hectares were destroyed in recent forest fires (Deforestation).
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deforestation in china paper - Brianna Berg Forestry 100...

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