black politics midterm review.docx - 1 Positive freedom is a matter of what you can actually do The possession of the capacity to act upon one's free

black politics midterm review.docx - 1 Positive freedom is...

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1. Positive freedom is a matter of what you can actually do. The possession of the capacity to act upon one's free will. Positive freedom is a question of being able to take advantage of the opportunity by being in control of my life. Having the capacity and opportunity to determine the extent of your own freedom. Those who defend positive freedom believe that just because no one is preventing you from doing something, it does not follow that you are genuinely free. Positive freedom is a matter of achieving your potential, not just having potential. Positive liberty is primarily concerned with the possession of a sociological agency , it is enhanced by the ability of citizens to participate in government and have their voices, interests, and concerns recognized and acted upon. Negative freedom is freedom from external restraint on one's actions. Its also defined as a matter of the number and kind of options that lie open for you and their relevance for your life; it is a matter of what you aren't prevented from doing; the doors that lie unlocked. The negative concept of freedom ... is most commonly assumed in liberal defenses of the constitutional liberties typical of liberal-democratic societies, such as freedom of movement, freedom of religion, and freedom of speech, and in arguments against paternalist or moralist state intervention. It is also often invoked in defenses of the right to private property, although some have contested the claim that private property necessarily enhances negative liberty. 2. The founding fathers had a different definition of freedom. They struggled to protect property rights, human rights, and interstate commerce. The founding fathers did not implement all the components of freedom because slavery was a financial interest for them. 3. James Madison was a 4. Most of the ideas of the constitution come from enlightened thinkers like John Locke and Voltaire. Locke wrote about the relationship between government and unalienable or
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natural rights. His main motive was to protect life, liberty, and death. The ideas of the constitution also came from the hatred of the British rule. The colonists learned how to rule their government and give the people what they need. The function of the Constitution is the way the government and people should rule and what system they have to follow. For example, the three branches of government; legislative, judicial and the executive. The seperation of power bewteen the federal government and state. The protection of personal liberty, meaning the Bill of Rights. This gave a good system of rule and order. 5. The three-fifths compromise allowed slaves to be three-fifths of a person’s vote.
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