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1ECON3340 Topic B.1Bureaucrats No Longer
2Public …Public administration (verb):is best seen by looking at the role of public servants—the appointed officials of government who form the heart of public administration.Public bureaucracy (noun)( also called public service) is the system of authority, people, offices, and methods that the government uses to achieve its objectives. This is the means by which the practice of public administration is carried outPublic policyis a term employed to describe the decisions made by government to handle important issues.
3Public Administration – Common Terms
4Public versus Private Administration Public service versus profit – public interestEfficiency – broad eligibilityAccountability – entire populationHuman resource management – affirmative actionPublicity - fishbowl
5Private versus Public Administration: What Makes Them Different?
6The Study of Public Administration: Notable InfluencesPost WWII Veterans Support: College and University Education–Canada – Veterans Charter–U.S. – G.I. BillCanadian Public Administrationjournal ( 1958)Degree programs in public administration–Canada – Queen’s, Dalhousie, Carleton etc.–U.S. – Harvard, U.S.C., Penn State etc.
7Environment of Public Administration:Globalization Economic globalization Cultural dimensionsPeople and global institutions
8Political Culture and Public Administration ValuesBeliefsAttitudesPolitical participation
9The Fiscal Imperative and Public Administration Economic crisis of the 1970sOil shocks of 1973 Unemployment, cuts, privatizationAusterity measures
10Perceptions of Government and Administration: 3 Major Complaints1.The bureaucracy has too much influence.2.It uses delegated power to make decisions that threaten freedoms of the citizenry.3.It is a large part of a governing system that badly under-performs and squanders public revenues.
11Size of the Public Service – How to Measure? Government spending as % of GDP: –1970, 35.9%2014, 39.4%Number of employees:
12Environmental Influences of Public Administration
13The Executive The executive branch of government includes:–the non-political executive (E.g. the Governor General,