MUS127-StudyGuide.docx - FINAL EXAM IN-CLASS REVIEW Brought...

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FINAL EXAM IN-CLASS REVIEWBrought Africans because Native Americans were dying from diseases and mistreatmento90% death rateo300 years- Majority AfricanUS to Chile15 million brought (Senegal (N) to Angola (S))Main influx = Yoruba (culture, language & religion)oYoruba (French)- West Africa (Nigeria)oBata drums (double sided)oChant to Gods-Saints (like Mayans & Romans)oTo Cuba-> Rumba AbakuaRumba AbakuaoClaveoCongas (tall drums)oRumba can be religion, Spanish, YorubaRumba w. brass & piano = SalsaoEddie Palmeri y Herman Oliveras- Palo pa rumbaoInstrumentsBongo (small)- play MartilloCongas (big barrel style)- play tumbaoTimbales (snare drum)- play cascaraLas Claves (2 sticks)- play la ClaveDanzon- father of ChaChaCha (no clave)oSlow traditional CubanoGood society- African swing w. European influence “Proper”oAll in 1,2, like Merengue- easier than RumbaoLess grooveMambooVery fast, has brassoKing of Mambo = Perez PradooMambo Gozon = Tito PuenteExciting and physicalSonoCubanoTwo types:Traditional Folk (peasant): lute, guitarSon JalicienseSalsa styleSon MontunoSalsa artistsoCelia CruzoTito Puente
oEddie PalmierioHector LavoeoRuben Blades (brought political & racial content)MexicooSouth- MayanoSon- Central MexicoJarocho- from Veracruz (marimba, jarana (from vihuela))Huasteco- northern Veracruz (violin, jarana, falsettoJaliciense- Jalisco (violin, guitarron, guitar, harp, vihuela, NO trumpets)Father of mariachi- HAS trumpetoBanda - northern MexicooRock & Pop- Mexico cityLa bambaoMariachiNO rhythmIt’s the GROUP- play many genresMeans Marriage (French Invasion for 40 yrs)oCancion Ranchera1 main singerVicente Fernandez (sang “El Rey”)Jose Alfredo Jimenez (most important composer)oNorthern MexicoMusica NortenaTigres Del Norte (musica grupera)oInstruments: accordion, bass, drums, guitars, bajo sextonoBanda el recocio- marching bandCorrido- narrative songoCapoeira- Brazil dance/ Martial artsBerimbaooMeringue & Bachata- Dominican RepublicoSamba - BrazilSamba schools, Rio de janieroCarnavalHuge ParadesFINAL EXAM DETAILED REVIEWYoruba- West African Religion-Sing “Oriki”
-Dance Bata-Yoruba “gods” became “saints” when people were converted to catholicism

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