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Running Head: RACE AND SOCIOECONOMIC STRATIFICATION EFFECTS IN THE MINORITY POPULATION 1 Milestone 2: Race and Socioeconomic Stratification Effects in the Minority Population Cinthia de Freitas Southern New Hampshire University
Running Head: RACE AND SOCIOECONOMIC STRATIFICATION EFFECTS IN THE MINORITY POPULATION 2 Race and socioeconomic stratification effects in the minority population The origin of the issue Race, a word so often believed to be biologically rooted, is actually a “pre-eminently sociohistorical concept” that was strongly influenced by politics and religion (Ferber, Jimenez, Herrera & Samuels, 2009, p. 52). It has been used in the past to justify political/societal decisions based on people physical variations. Although some people still believe that Africans in the past were born naturally slaves, it was actually the opposite. In England, Irish and Indians were made slaves in the 17 th century, prior to African slavery. Africans were free, farmers, with established government and commerce, with a generally positive image until the 18 th century (Smedley, 1997). The word race became more powerful in the 18 th century, when slave trading became popular with the argument that Africans were unbelievers and Christians had the duty to save their souls (Smedley, 1997). With the rise of antislavery during the Revolutionary Era in Europe and US, the proslavery, the necessity of justifying slavery emerged, giving rise of the idea that there were physical differences and “natural inferiority of Africans” created by God (Smedley, 1997). The racial difference became a popular idea that many people adhere to it, creating a negative view of Africans (Smedley, 1997).What is the issue about?
Running Head: RACE AND SOCIOECONOMIC STRATIFICATION EFFECTS IN THE

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