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oASSESSMENTsystematic data collection, analysis and monitoring of health problems and needs in a population1.Look at trends in the health determinants 2.Identify priority health needs3.Determine the adequacy of existing resources within the community4.Engage in policy- development efforts5.Monitor healthstatus to identify community health problems6.Diagnose and investigate healthproblems and health hazards in the community7.Providing/disseminating infoabout the health of the communityoPOLICY DEVELOPMENT using scientific knowledge to develop comprehensivehealth policiesSeeks to build constitutes that can help bring about change in public policyEXAMPLES: Anti- smoking ordinances, National efforts to control immunodeficiencysyndrome (AIDS), Development of Healthy People 2020 state objectives1.Inform, educate, and empowerpeople about health issues2. Mobilize community partnershipsto identify and solve health problems3. Develop policiesand plans that support individual and community health effortsoASSURANCE- assuring constitutes that public health agencies provide the services necessary to achieve agreed- upon goals, while also making sure thatessential community- oriented health services are available.Includes the development of partnerships between public and private agencies1.Enforce lawsand regulations that protect health and ensure safety2. Link peopleto needed personal health services and assure the provision of health care when otherwise unavailable3. Assure a competent public health and personal healthcare workforce4. Evaluateeffectiveness, accessibility, and quality of personal and population based health.What are the 10 essential service? Why do we have them?-Monitorhealth status to identify community health problems.-Diagnoseandinvestigatehealth problems and health hazards in the community.-Inform, educateand empowerpeople about health issues.-Mobilizecommunity partnership to identify and solve health problems.-Develop policiesand plans that support individual and community health efforts.-Enforce lawsand regulations that protect health and ensure safety.-Link peoplewith needed personal health services and assure the provision of healthcare when otherwise unavailable.-Assurea competent public health and personal health care workforce.
-Evaluate effectiveness, accessibility, and qualityof personal and population-based health services.-Researchfor new insights and innovative solutions to health problems.What is a community? A population? ExamplesPopulation- a group of people having common personal or environmental characteristics; can also refer to all of the people in a defined community EX- employees, disabled ppl, ethnic groups, prisonersCommunity- a group or collection of individuals interacting in social units and sharing common interests, characteristics, values, and goalsWhat makes public health nursing a specialty?