COMMUNITY EXAM 1 (1).docx - 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 o ASSESSMENT...

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o ASSESSMENT systematic data collection, analysis and monitoring of health problems and needs in a population 1. Look at trends in the health determinants 2. Identify priority health needs 3. Determine the adequacy of existing resources within the community 4. Engage in policy- development efforts 5. Monitor health status to identify community health problems 6. Diagnose and investigate health problems and health hazards in the community 7. Providing/disseminating info about the health of the community o POLICY DEVELOPMENT using scientific knowledge to develop comprehensive health policies Seeks to build constitutes that can help bring about change in public policy EXAMPLES: Anti- smoking ordinances, National efforts to control immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), Development of Healthy People 2020 state objectives 1. Inform, educate, and empower people about health issues 2. Mobilize community partnerships to identify and solve health problems 3. Develop policies and plans that support individual and community health efforts o ASSURANCE- assuring constitutes that public health agencies provide the services necessary to achieve agreed- upon goals, while also making sure that essential community- oriented health services are available. Includes the development of partnerships between public and private agencies 1. Enforce laws and regulations that protect health and ensure safety 2. Link people to needed personal health services and assure the provision of health care when otherwise unavailable 3. Assure a competent public health and personal healthcare workforce 4. Evaluate effectiveness, accessibility, and quality of personal and population based health. What are the 10 essential service? Why do we have them? - Monitor health status to identify community health problems. - Diagnose and investigate health problems and health hazards in the community. - Inform , educate and empower people about health issues. - Mobilize community partnership to identify and solve health problems. - Develop policies and plans that support individual and community health efforts. - Enforce laws and regulations that protect health and ensure safety. - Link people with needed personal health services and assure the provision of healthcare when otherwise unavailable. - Assure a competent public health and personal health care workforce.
- Evaluate effectiveness , accessibility , and quality of personal and population-based health services. - Research for new insights and innovative solutions to health problems. What is a community? A population? Examples Population - a group of people having common personal or environmental characteristics; can also refer to all of the people in a defined community EX - employees, disabled ppl, ethnic groups, prisoners Community - a group or collection of individuals interacting in social units and sharing common interests, characteristics, values, and goals What makes public health nursing a specialty?

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