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Running head: CORAL REEFS1Coral Reefs: The Importance, Threats and ProtectionTanrique MorrisonProfessor Leon LiEnvironmental Science (SCI200)October 26, 2018Strayer UniversityDate:
CORAL REEFS2Coral Reefs: The Importance, Threats and ProtectionIntroductionIt is a fact that when different ecosystems on earth are analyzed, coral reefs happen to beone of those important and diverse ecosystems. These are underwater structures, which aremostly large in their size. Coral is a colonial marine invertebrate, which helps in developingthese large coral reefs. The coral species, which play their part in making reefs, are named ashermatypic corals. The coral reef developing process is a gradual one, and these coral reefs canbe found in oceans all over the world. The largest coral reefs system is found in Australia, whichis named as “the Great Barrier Reef”, and its length is above 2400 KM [Ros18]. It is important tolook at the importance of coral reefs for the ecosystem, and what threats are there, and how coralreefs can be protected in the future from these threats. The Importance & Benefits of Coral Reefs for Ocean LifeThere are various reasons to say that coral reefs are extremely important for the oceanlife. The first reason is their ability to play positive part in the ecosystem of the earth through itsdiversity. The second most important reason is that thousands of marine species are living andsurviving due to these coral reefs. Keeping the humans as well as overall environment in view,coral reefs again provide various benefits. Coral reefs provide various essential nutrientsincluding nitrogen for the use of marine food chains, which helps various marine species for theirsurvival in the ocean. Moreover, tropical storms and wave actions can damage the coastlines, butcoral reefs help coastline to remain safe from such damages. It is important to mention that theseare not the only benefits of coral reefs, but they also have other aesthetic and economic benefitsas well. Here are three most significant economic benefits of coral reefs: