korean lecture notes.docx - th Korean Notes December 4...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 23 pages.

Korean NotesDecember 4th2:30-4:10 CLHM 1stterm work Identification/ short answers explain who what where how? 20/22 60ptsPassage commentaries 3 / 4 39 points Test is out of 100 Timeline- Confederated Kingdoms, Old Choson, Three Kingdoms, Unified Silla, Koryo Kingdom,choson Yi dynasty, modern Korea Terms oPaleolithic oNeolithic oAnimism oHarvest festival (chosok oBone rank system oHwabaek council of nobles oHwarang Elite Youth corps oHyangga Silla poems oKyongju Silla Capital Prehistoric Times ancient KoreaoPaleolithic-(20000 B.C) Paleolithic human in Korea lived in caves, used far for warmth and cooking, constructed stone implements and developed a communal form of life oNeolithic- Early Neolithic pottery is simple undecorated, middle Neolithic pottery has geometric designs and is known as “comb pattern pottery”. Held animistic beliefs oClan oriented society inferenced communal lifestyle oAnimistic belief- everything in the universe has a spirt including inanimate obj. Bronze Age- Walled town + confederated kingdoms concede with Korea’s bronze ageoIron culture was transmitted to Korea from China and then to Japan oMany other aspects of traditional culture came from China> Korea> JapanOld Choson-(2333 BCE-108 BCE) oThe Korean Peninsula came under the influence of Han China oBy the 1stcentury BCE, powerful kingdoms were beginning to form on the Korean PeninsulaoKorean always had their own culture, they also were influenced by Han China and made their own unique culture after (poem page 14) Three Kingdoms Koguryo (1stcentury-7thcentury)
oKingdom which ruled northern Korea during the time of the 3 Kingdoms o-LargestKingdom of ‘Koguryo in the N ‘grew rapidly and developed in conflict with ChinaoEmerged as an aristocratic state with a royal hereditary system, culturally superioroConstant rivalry with smaller Paekche and Silla kingdoms, and Gaya confederationoruled by a monarch with senior administrative positions held by a landed aristocracyosuffered incursions from China and Kingdom was defeated in 668 by the allied forces of Silla and Tang dynasty marking the (Unified Silla dynasty) Paekcheocontrolled territory in the South-Western part of peninsula oBaekje and Goguryeo kingdoms joined forces against the Silla and went on the offensive,SillaoThe Silla were in constant rivalry with neighbors evolved from a walled state in SE Koreao-marked by centralized government and highly hierarchal system of social ranks oSilla formed an alliance with Goguryeo to rebuff a Japanese-Baekje army in 400 CE, obut when Goguryeo became more territorially ambitious, Baekje and Silla formed a long-lasting partnership between 433 and 553 CE.oBuddhism was adopted as the state religion by Silla around 355oSilla dynasty would eventually take over the Korean Peninsula and create Unified Silla oSilla kings were dominated by the Kim clan Kingdoms relationship with China oExpansion of kingdoms faced counter attacks from China o

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture