korean lecture notes.docx - th Korean Notes December 4 2:30-4:10 CLHM 1st term work Identification short answers explain who what where how 20\/22 60pts

korean lecture notes.docx - th Korean Notes December 4...

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Korean Notes December 4 th 2:30-4:10 CLHM 1 st term work Identification/ short answers explain who what where how? 20/22 60pts Passage commentaries 3 / 4 39 points Test is out of 100 Timeline- Confederated Kingdoms, Old Choson, Three Kingdoms, Unified Silla, Koryo Kingdom, choson Yi dynasty, modern Korea Terms o Paleolithic o Neolithic o Animism o Harvest festival (chosok o Bone rank system o Hwabaek council of nobles o Hwarang Elite Youth corps o Hyangga Silla poems o Kyongju Silla Capital Prehistoric Times ancient Korea o Paleolithic- (20000 B.C) Paleolithic human in Korea lived in caves, used far for warmth and cooking, constructed stone implements and developed a communal form of life o Neolithic- Early Neolithic pottery is simple undecorated, middle Neolithic pottery has geometric designs and is known as “comb pattern pottery”. Held animistic beliefs o Clan oriented society inferenced communal lifestyle o Animistic belief- everything in the universe has a spirt including inanimate obj. Bronze Age- Walled town + confederated kingdoms concede with Korea’s bronze age o Iron culture was transmitted to Korea from China and then to Japan o Many other aspects of traditional culture came from China> Korea> Japan Old Choson- (2333 BCE-108 BCE) o The Korean Peninsula came under the influence of Han China o By the 1 st century BCE, powerful kingdoms were beginning to form on the Korean Peninsula o Korean always had their own culture, they also were influenced by Han China and made their own unique culture after (poem page 14) Three Kingdoms Koguryo (1 st century-7 th century)
o Kingdom which ruled northern Korea during the time of the 3 Kingdoms o -Largest Kingdom of ‘Koguryo in the N ‘grew rapidly and developed in conflict with China o Emerged as an aristocratic state with a royal hereditary system, culturally superior o Constant rivalry with smaller Paekche and Silla kingdoms, and Gaya confederation o ruled by a monarch with senior administrative positions held by a landed aristocracy o suffered incursions from China and Kingdom was defeated in 668 by the allied forces of Silla and Tang dynasty marking the (Unified Silla dynasty) Paekche o controlled territory in the South-Western part of peninsula o Baekje and Goguryeo kingdoms joined forces against the Silla and went on the offensive, Silla o The Silla were in constant rivalry with neighbors evolved from a walled state in SE Korea o -marked by centralized government and highly hierarchal system of social ranks o Silla formed an alliance with Goguryeo to rebuff a Japanese-Baekje army in 400 CE, o but when Goguryeo became more territorially ambitious, Baekje and Silla formed a long- lasting partnership between 433 and 553 CE. o Buddhism was adopted as the state religion by Silla around 355 o Silla dynasty would eventually take over the Korean Peninsula and create Unified Silla o Silla kings were dominated by the Kim clan Kingdoms relationship with China o Expansion of kingdoms faced counter attacks from China o

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