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Butler 1 Ahnastasia Butler Native American History Professor Hannel 13 November 2018 Indian Boarding Schools Boarding schools for the Indian children were put in place during the 19th century. The government thought they came up with a “master plan” to have the Indian children taken away so the tribes would slowly fall apart emotionally and physically. Many “students” who were forced to attend these schools died due to lack of nutrition or sickness. This new system of “education” made the children lose their people hood, sacred history, territory and, ceremonial cycle. Although the government saw boarding schools as an improvement for themselves and the children, the system destroyed the native people for generations. Two well-known individuals Henry Beecher Stowe and Sitting Bull had the same idea on the situation. However, neither of their opinions are wrong. The number one goal of the government was to strip native children of anything to do with their tribe. They gave them “English” names due to not being able to pronounce the native one. They had to adopt Christianity which was a big deal for the native children as well as adults within the community. The government opened “Protestant and Catholic mission schools on reservations, educating children in basic academics but expending greater energy on religious conversion” (Townsend and Nicholas pg 374). By focusing only on religion, the children were unable to be fully educated on the English language, and when they couldn’t speak English they were punished for speaking their native language. This caused many miss communications
Butler 2 between the teacher and the student (native child). Some teachers made fun of the native children’s cultures. These lessons humiliated the students, and they started to become taught ashamed of being part of their tribes. This is exactly what the government wanted to happen. As the native children started to become ashamed, it made it easier to pull them away from their cultures and family members. The boarding schools had a bad effect on the self-esteem of Indian students and the well being of Native languages and cultures. By creating boarding schools, the government was able to “detribalize Native American children and, in so doing, lead to their Americanization (Townsend and Nicholas pg 375). At first the schools were on reservations, which meant that the children would be in constant contact with their families. This meant that

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