cf_theories_counseling_chart.docx - Theories of Counseling...

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Theories of Counseling Chart As you progress through this course, you will study several different theories, some of which have more similarities than differences and vice versa. In order for you to learn about them more effectively and to create a personalized tool you can use in the future, you will create a Theories of Counseling Chart summarizing key aspects of each theory. As you review the theories each week, complete the “Click here to enter text” box sections of this chart. You will work on this chart throughout the course and submit it in Unit 5 and in Unit 10 as a discussion post. You will be able to refer to this chart throughout your classes, into your fieldwork, and beyond. Refer to the Web Sites and Readings for Theories of Psychotherapy course file document to assist you in completing the Theories Chart. List of Theories Psychoanalytic and Psychodynamic Therapy Adlerian Theory Existential Therapy Gestalt Therapy Person-Centered Therapy Behavioral Therapy Reality Therapy Cognitive Therapy Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) Feminist Therapy Complementary and Alternative Therapies Narrative Therapy Solution-Focused Therapy Family Systems Integrative Therapy
Psychoanalytic and Psychodynamic Therapy Key Concepts What are some of the key propositions of the theory? How and why do people develop problems? Id, Ego, Supere go Psycho sexual Stages Behavi or is irration al and may be motivat ed by biologi cal and uncons cious means If one can underst and the uncons cious then they may be able to underst and the reason for the behavio r Theory of Change How can therapy help a person overcome problems? What must a person do to improve his or her functioning? The theory is used to bring the unconscious and irrational thoughts/behaviors into the conscious mind so that the client can then make conscious changes to their behavior. The changes should be rational and improve their overall functioning. A problem that can happen is that delving into the past can have a negative affect on the client and for a time increase their symptoms such as depression and anxiety.
Interventions What techniques does the counselor use to help bring about change? Who Is In Charge? What Is the Role of the Client and the Counselor? Process is early childhood events and memories to find the first origin of problems or issues. Must maintain analytic framework What is the counselor
responsible for in sessions? What is the client expected to do? Who takes the leading role in the interaction?

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