Nurs6512.Wk.3.Discussion.docx - Assessment Tool\/Diagnostic Test Prostate-specific antigen(PSA is a protein produced by normal as well as malignant cells

Nurs6512.Wk.3.Discussion.docx - Assessment Tool/Diagnostic...

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Assessment Tool/Diagnostic Test Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a protein produced by normal, as well as malignant, cells of the prostate gland (National Cancer Institute, n.d.). There is no specific normal or abnormal level of PSA in the blood, and levels may vary over time in the same man (NCI, n.d.). Doctors considered PSA levels of 4.0 ng/mL and lower as normal. Which means if a man had a PSA level above 4.0 ng/mL, doctors usually would recommend a prostate biopsy. This will determine whether prostate cancer was present. Elevated PSA levels may not only indicate prostate cancer, but also a noncancerous condition such as prostatitis, or an enlarged prostate. It wasn't until 1986 that the Federal Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved PSA testing to monitor men for prostate cancer. In 1994, the FDA approved the testing of the PSA and a digital rectal exam to detect prostate cancer in men. For men over the age of fifty, it is recommended that a PSA test is performed on a yearly basis. Some organizations, however, begin testing high-risk patients in
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