Period 3 Study Guide (Recovered).docx - CHINA 1 What...

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CHINA 1.What happened in China after the fall of the Han Dynasty? What role did the northern nomads play? 2. Why are the centuries of the Tang and Song dynasties in China sometimes referred to as a “golden age”? Both the Tang and Song: established patterns of Chinese life that lasted into twentieth century built on Sui foundations regarded as a “golden age” of arts and literature, setting standards of excellence in poetry, landscape painting, and ceramics Tang and Song politics endured for a thousand years six major ministries were created, along with the Censorate for surveillance over government examination system revived to staff the bureaucracy proliferation of schools and colleges large share of official positions went to sons of the elite large landowners continued to be powerful, despite state efforts to redistribute land to the peasants “Economic revolution” under the Song with great prosperity Rapid population growth (from 50 million–60 million people during Tang dynasty to 120 million by 1200) Great improvement in agricultural production Adopted fast-ripening and drought-resistant strain of rice from Vietnam
Most urbanized region in the world great network of internal waterways (canals, rivers, lakes)= infrastructure great improvements in industrial production Increased output from iron industry invention of print (both woodblock and movable type) best navigational and shipbuilding technology in the world Magnetic compass invention of gunpowder Production for the market rather than for local consumption was widespread cheap transportation allowed peasants to grow specialized crops government demanded payment of taxes in cash, not in kind growing use of paper money and financial instruments 3. Be able to compare the golden ages of Islam and China.

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