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African Studies Midterm: 1. Explain why George Washington Williams, despite the weaknesses of his writing, is even more important to the study of early African American history, than the previously mentioned four writers. 1. Although he had a weakness when it came to writing, George Washington Williams understood that the job of a historian is to research history, and not to protest or for any other personal agenda, unlike his predecessors. He gathered information systematically and attempted to be as objective as possible in his studies. 2. What were the developmental stages of African American Studies prior to the 1960s? Since the 1960s? 1. Prior to the 1960s, early forms of African American Studies constituted mostly of disciplines such as history, anthropology, and English. African American studies were seen as viable in an institutional setting after the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. in the late 1960s, and now over 60 departments of African American studies exist, as well as over 400 programs. 3. Using the Clarke article about Schomburg, name and discuss other individuals and organizations in New York City during the 1930s and 1940s which focused on African and “Negro” history. Why is this significant? 1. Willis N. Huggins and John G. Jackson are two other individuals in New York who focused on “Negro” history. Huggins was Clarke’s teacher and one of his influencers, and Jackson was Huggins’s protege. Huggins led the Blyden Society, which was formerly known as
the Harlem History Club, and these people as well as the organization show the progress that Africana Studies had in that it had spread to major cities, such as New York.