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1 Lifespan development refers to the changes that occur in the lifelong development of humans as a whole, through all phases of life, from conception all the way through to death. Lifespan development theories identify key stages and areas of development that Berger(2003) labelled as the biosocial, cognitive and psychosocial domains of development, which this essay will refer to as the phsyical, cognitive and social domains respectively. The physical domain refers to the biological and physical changes that occur through- out life, such as physical fitness and wellbeing, declines and peaks in health, biological, ill- ness and age related aspects of development. The cognitive domain relates to the changes that are experienced in terms of a persons mental abilities; memory and learning including the ad- justments that a person may make in response to mental changes, and also how these adjust- ments and mental changes affect their abilities and life experiences. The social domain incor- porates the relationships that a person builds throughout life and how those relationships may change over time, including the way in which the person approaches those changes, and builds new relationships. Each of these domains is present throughout a persons lifetime and they grow through each stage. Currently there are ten stages recognised in the perspective of lifespan development. For the purposes of this essay the focus will be on the Early Adulthood stage of life. This is the phase of life starting after adolescence as early as 17 years old, up until approximately the age of 40 (Erikson, 1980; Levinson, 1986). Erikson and Levinson agreed that lifespan devel- opment occurs in specific stages and that at each stage, a person will encounter specific changes and problems to solve. Erikson (1980) categorised young adulthood as the intimacy vs. isolation psycho-social stage where a person learns commitment to another and this is re-
2 solved through either intimacy or isolation. Levinson suggested that crises related to relation- ships and career were likely in early adulthood, given the multitude of transitions that occur within this period. This essay will discuss how life events or crises can impact on a person’s development, through exploration of the developmental changes within Early Adulthood as depicted by the fictional character Tiffany Maxwell, in the 2012 film Silver Linings Playbook, written and directed by David O. Russell.
- One '14
- Developmental Psychology, Erikson, early adulthood, Levinson, Lifespan Development,, Crisis Impacts