Chapter2 - Chapter 2 Government and Social Welfare I...

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Chapter 2 Government and Social Welfare I. Historical Perspectives on Social Welfare A. Elizabethan Poor Law 1. First sources of welfare assistance a. mutual aid b. duty of church and wealthy feudal lords c. attitude- benevolent toward poor, treated poor with dignity and respect, poor through no fault of their own 2. 1300-1400s first laws designed to cure poverty a. 1349 Bubonic Plague reduce population and cause social disorganization b. Statute of Laborers (King Edward III) i. discourage vagrancy and begging ii. all able-bodied people ordered to work iii. giving alms forbidden 3. Elizabethan Poor Law of 1601 a. Causes i. New social forces- centralized government, diminishing church role ii. Reduction of labor force iii. Breakdown of feudal system iv. Move toward industrialization- wool b. To control poor who were unable to locate employment and might cause disruption c. Deserving poor i. Orphaned children ii. Lame, blind iii. Widowed iv. Unemployed through no fault of their own d. Nondeserving poor i. Vagrants, drunkards ii. Lazy, unwilling to work e. Outdoor relief- assistance provided to deserving poor in their homes f. Indoor relief- assistance to those unable to care for themselves, almshouses g. Nondeserving poor sent to workhouses h. Parishes- local units of government that administered aid B. Early Relief in the US 1. Residency requirements a. Warning out- newcomers were urged to move on to other towns if it appeared that they were not financially responsible b. Passing on- escort transient poor back to their home communities 2. “Assist” the needy a. Auctioning poor to families that were willing to care for them at the lowest cost
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b. Place poor and sick under supervision of a couple who were willing to care from them at as little cost as possible c. Outdoor relief- provided to most of needy d. Almshouses- claimed best method of aid because of medical care provided to sick and elderly 3. Society for the Prevention of Pauperism- help poor overcome personal shortcomings 4. Charity Organization Societies (COS)- scientific charity a. Studied problems in order to better understand causes and methods b. Worked with other groups to provide services to poor in more coordinated fashion c. Forerunners of today’s social workers d. Methods developed into today’s casework services C. Great Depression and New Deal 1. 1870-1920 industrialization and immigration a. Private groups provide assistance to needy b. As social problems mounted, local and state governments began to take more active role c. Progressivism- 2. October 1929- Great Depression a. Forced Americans to consider large-scale economic reform 3. New Deal- President Franklin D. Roosevelt a. Relief, recovery, reform b. entire community has responsibility for welfare
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Chapter2 - Chapter 2 Government and Social Welfare I...

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