Chapter12 - Chapter 12 Implementing and Evaluating Social...

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Chapter 12 Implementing and Evaluating Social Welfare Policy I. Obstacles to Successful Implementation A. Communications 1. Directives unclear, inconsistent with original intent of law 2. Vague, ambiguous laws a. Economic Opportunity Act of 1964- “maximum feasible participation of the poor” 3. Policies conflict with each other B. Resources 1. Funds- money needed to implement new policies a. limited funds to community to fight War on Poverty b. lack of child care placements available to ensure TANF parents are able to obtain employment c. process evaluations vs. outcome evaluations 2. Staff- especially for new programs 3. Authority 4. Physical facilities C. Attitudes 1. agency administrators and staff vs. policy makers D. Bureaucracy 1. standard operating procedures (SOP)- routines that enable officials to perform numerous tasks every day, a. advantages- save time, bring consistency in handling cases b. disadvantages- not regularly re-examined, tend to persist after policy changes 2. staff “burnout”- handling nonconforming cases
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Chapter12 - Chapter 12 Implementing and Evaluating Social...

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