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Dreyfus Model:Skill AcquisitionCaren M. Stalburg, MD MAClinical Assistant ProfessorObstetrics and Gynecology and Medical EducationUnless otherwise noted, this material is made available under the terms of theCreative Commons Attribution Share Alike-3.0 License:
Dreyfus Model•Stuart and Hubert U of Calif. Berkeley, USAFcontract(Dept. of Industrial Engineering and Operations Research and Dept. ofPhilosophy)•Original document listed in syllabus•Developmental model to explain how onedevelops a skill–Foreign language, learning chess, flight instruction
Underlying assumptions•Acquire a skill though instruction and experience•Developmental process, with 5 defined stages•Based their analysis on careful descriptions ofskill acquisition•As the student becomes skilled, he depends lesson abstract principles and more on concreteexperience
•Shift from controlled processing–Requiring attention–
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