korean lecture notes.docx - th Korean Notes December 4...

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Korean NotesDecember 4th2:30-4:10 CLHM 1stterm work Identification/ short answers explain who what where how? 20/22 60ptsPassage commentaries 3 / 4 39 points Test is out of 100 Timeline- Confederated Kingdoms, Old Choson, Three Kingdoms, Unified Silla, Koryo Kingdom,choson Yi dynasty, modern Korea Terms oPaleolithic oNeolithic oAnimism oHarvest festival (chosok )oBone rank system oHwabaek council of nobles oHwarang -Elite Youth corps oHyangga -Silla poems oKyongju - Silla Capital Prehistoric Times ancient KoreaoPaleolithic-(20000 B.C) Paleolithic human in Korea lived in caves, used fire for warmth and cooking, constructed stone implements and developed a communal form of life oEarliest recollection of people living on the Korean peninsula oNeolithic- Early Neolithic man developed pottery is simple undecorated, middle Neolithic pottery has geometric designs and is known as “comb pattern pottery”. Held animistic beliefs oClan oriented society inferenced communal lifestyle oAnimistic belief- everything in the universe has a spirt including inanimate obj. Bronze Age- oCharacterized by the development of walled town + confederated kingdoms oIron culture was transmitted to Korea from China and then to Japan oMany other aspects of traditional culture came from China> Korea> JapanOld Choson-(2333 BCE-108 BCE) oThe Korean Peninsula came under the influence of Han China oBy the 1stcentury BCE, powerful kingdoms were beginning to form on the Korean Peninsula and rice cultivation had greatly increased oKorean always had their own culture, they also were influenced by Han China and made their own unique culture after (poem page 14)
Three Kingdoms Koguryo (1stcentury-7thcentury) oKingdom which ruled northern Korea during the time of the 3 Kingdoms oLargestKingdom of ‘Koguryo in the N ‘grew rapidly and developed in conflict with ChinaoEmerged as an aristocratic state with a royal hereditary system, culturally superioroConstant rivalry with smaller Paekche and Silla kingdoms, and Gaya confederationoruled by a monarch with senior administrative positions held by a landed aristocracyosuffered incursions from China and Kingdom was defeated in 668 by the allied forces of Silla and Tang dynasty marking the (Unified Silla dynasty) King Sosurim oDuring the reign of King Sosurim in Kogyro Buddhism was officially adopted as the dominant religion. Monk named Sundo brought scriptures to Kogyryo oHelped to strengthen the royal authority of Koryo at the time oCreated the T’aehak academy for Confucian learning oBuddhism would give the nation spiritual unity Paekcheocontrolled territory in the South-Western part of the Korean peninsula oBaekje and Goguryeo kingdoms joined forces against the Silla and went on the offensiveoThe Indian monk Maranata arrived in Paekche and preached the belief of Buddhism SillaoThe Silla were in constant rivalry with neighbors evolved from a walled state in SE Koreaomarked by centralized government and highly hierarchal system of social ranks o

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