Prefixes_Roots_and_Suffixes.docx

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Name: Ayaan Rahim Date:_________________ Building Vocabulary: Prefixes, Roots, and Suffixes Many studies show how important it is to know prefixes, roots, and suffixes to build one’s vocabulary. One study showed that a set of 20 prefixes and 14 roots, and knowing how to use them, unlocked the meaning of over 100,000 words. A similar study showed that a set of 29 prefixes and 25 roots gave the meaning to over 125,000 words. Imagine when you add suffixes! Below are lists of prefixes, roots, and suffixes with their meanings. Fill in at least two examples of each for yourself in order to learn them. Prefix Meaning Example Word/s 1. a-, an- not, without Anomaly, Amoral, Anarchy 2. ab-, abs- away from Abstract, Absolute, Abstain, Abnormal 3. ambi- both Ambidextrous, Ambivalent, 4. ante- before Antecedent, Antechamber 5. anti- against Antibiotic, Anticlimactic, Antisocial 6. aut-, auto- self Automobile, Autonomy, Autopsy 7. bene- good Benediction, Benevolent, Benefit 8. bi-, bis- two Bicycle, Bisect, Ambidextrous, Biped 9. bio- life Biosphere, Biology, Biodiversity 10. circum-, cir- around Circumference, Circumnavigate, Circumscribe 11. com-, con-, co-, col- with, together 12. de- away from, down, the opposite of Denounce, Detract, Derail, Denature, Descend 13. dec- ten Decade, Decimal, Decimeter, 14. demi- half Demigod, Demi-pile 15. dis-, dif-, di- apart Diffuse, Different, Distant, Dissent 16. equ-, equi- equal Equality, Equidistant, Equator, Equation 17. ex-, e-, ef- out, away from Exit, External, Expunge, Extermination, Excommunicate 18. extra-, exter-, extro- outside of, beyond Extraterrestrial, Extrovert, Extraordinary 19. for-, fore- before Forecast, foreword, forestall, forewarn, foresee 20. hetero- other, different Heterosexual, heterozygous, heterotroph, heterogenous
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Prefix Meaning Example Word/s 21. homo- same 22. hyper- over, above 23. in-, il-, ir-, im-, en- in, into 24. in-, il,- ig,- ir-, im- not 25. inter- between, among 26. intro-
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  • Fall '14
  • EthanHalte
  • Meaning of life, Ayaan Rahim

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