Study Guide~Statements.docx - Study Guide-I can Statements...

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Study Guide-I can Statements1)I can explain the origins of the Cold War between the U.S. and the Soviet Union including the differences between their ideologies and postwar goals.a)After the United States entered the war in December 1941 the administration began encouraging Americans to view the Soviet Union not as a threat, but rather as a partner both for victory over the Axis and for maintaining peace in the postwar world. In newspaper and magazine articles, speeches and Hollywood films, Americans were told again and again that although the Russian people had a different economic system, they were equally committed to democratic values and to a peaceful, stable world order.2)I can trace the development of opposing economic and military alliances during the Cold War.a)In 1961 President Kennedy aimed to establish economic cooperation between North America and South America .b)Many countries held alliances during the cold war. The main alliance was North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), which included the U.S., Canada, Belgium, Italy, Iceland, France, Denmark, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal and the United Kingdom. Nato was created to defend all members from outside attacks of the Soviet Union. In response, the Soviet Union created the Warsaw Pact. The Soviet Union and all Eastern European countries were members of the Warsaw Pact.3)I can explain the causes and effects of the nuclear arms race.a)Internal causes of arms races are then understood to be factors within the state that lead it to adopt suboptimal policies. Although the causes and consequences of arms races are usuallydealt with separately, in fact they are closely connected. When a state engages in an arms race because this is its best option, thestate is acting rationally, the causes of the arms race are external, and the arms race has no consequences of its own. In contrast, when a state arms because domestic interests have distorted its policy, the arms race produces negative consequences. Research on the consequences of arms races has

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