Persuasive Writing.pdf - PERSUASIVE WRITING By Tara McCarthy S C H O L A S T I C PROFESSIONALBOOKS New York Toronto London Auckland Sydney Scholastic

Persuasive Writing.pdf - PERSUASIVE WRITING By Tara...

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PERSUASIVE WRITING PERSUASIVE WRITING By Tara McCarthy S C H O L A S T I C B P ROFESSIONAL OOKS New York Toronto London Auckland Sydney
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Scholastic Inc. grants teachers permission to photocopy the designated reproducible pages of this book for classroom use. No other part of this publication may be reproduced in whole or part, or stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or oth- erwise, without written permission of the publisher. For information regarding permission, write to Scholastic Inc., 555 Broadway, New York, NY 10012. Cover design by Vincent Ceci and Jaime Lucero Interior design by Vincent Ceci and Drew Hires Interior illustrations by Drew Hires ISBN 0-590-20934-5 Copyright © 1998 by Tara McCarthy. All rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A.
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INTRODUCTION TO THE TEACHER ...................................................................................... 5 PART ONE EXPLORING THE ELEMENTS OF PERSUASION .................... 7 Getting Started ...................................................................................................... 7 Stating Opinions ................................................................................................... 8 Two Points of View, The Bad Guys Speak!, Identify Different Points of View Using Supporting Facts and Examples .............................................................. 11 It’s a Fact!, Let’s Vote! Logic and Reasoning ........................................................................................... 15 Order, Please!, What Are Your Reasons?, Ideas That Don’t Belong Thinking About Your Audience .......................................................................... 17 Analyzing Different Viewpoints Composition Skill ................................................................................................ 19 Using Transitional Words Additional Activities ........................................................................................... 20 Write a Declaration, Study Opinions of Book Characters, From Numbers to Words, Just Listen to That! Reproducibles ....................................................................................................... 23 PART TWO ANALYZING PERSUASIVE TECHNIQUES ............................... 27 Getting Started .................................................................................................... 27 Get on the Bandwagon! ...................................................................................... 28 Write a Bandwagon Ad Testimonials: The Famous-People Technique .................................................... 29 Write a Commercial Script Glittering Generalities ......................................................................................... 31 Backing Up Generalities with Facts Transfer: Pictures and Slogans That Persuade .................................................. 32 Design a Print Ad TABLE OF CONTENTS
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Card-Stacking ...................................................................................................... 35 What’s Your Angle? Thinking About Your Audience .......................................................................... 36 Choosing an Appropriate Tone Composition Skill ................................................................................................ 38 Using Exact Words Additional Activities ........................................................................................... 40 Impossible Ads: Unstacking the Cards, Book Blurbs, Poster Promos, Critiquing Commercials Reproducibles ....................................................................................................... 42 PART THREE PERSUADING FOR DIFFERENT PURPOSES ........................... 45 Getting Started .................................................................................................... 45 Analyze a Model ................................................................................................... 46 Applying Guidelines Editorials and Letters-to-the-Editor ................................................................... 47 Writing Editorials and Letters Writing Critical Reviews: Book Reviews ............................................................. 48 Critiquing a Book Writing Critical Reviews: Fields of Interest ........................................................ 49 Writing Reviews of Places and Events Writing a Persuasive Essay ................................................................................. 51 Writing Process Steps Thinking About Your Audience: Planning Counterarguments .......................... 53 Composition Skill: Using Strong Openers ........................................................... 54 Additional Activities ............................................................................................ 55 A Debate Between Book Characters, Using Visuals, Detecting Argument Fallacies, Defending a Personal Choice Reproducibles ....................................................................................................... 57
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S tudents and adults alike are quick to offer opinions: “It’s a great movie!” “You shouldn’t do that.” “You’re wrong.” “You’re right.” As you know, however, an opin- ion is not persuasive unless it’s bolstered by facts and reasons that support it. Assembling and applying these facts and reasons calls upon the higher-level thinking skills of analysis and synthesis. This
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