week 4.docx - Question 1 0.125 out of 0.125 points Diarrhea...

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Question 1 0.125 out of 0.125 points Diarrhea and other lower intestinal fluid losses will contribute to Selected Answer: c. metabolic acidosis. Correct Answer: c. metabolic acidosis. Response Feedback: Diarrhea results in loss of bicarbonate and leads to metabolic acidosis. Loss of bicarbonate (a base) would not lead to metabolic alkalosis. Respiratory conditions lead to respiratory acid and base disturbances; diarrhea is not a respiratory condition. Bicarbonate loss through diarrhea would not lead to any respiratory acid/base disturbance. Question 2 0.125 out of 0.125 points When a parent of a toddler recently diagnosed with pneumococcal pneumonia asks why their child is so much sicker than a classmate was when they were diagnosed with pneumonia, the nurse replies Selected Answer: c. “It sounds like your child has a case of bacterial pneumonia, while the classmate had viral pneumonia.” Correct Answer: c. “It sounds like your child has a case of bacterial pneumonia, while the classmate had viral pneumonia.” Response Feedback: Viral pneumonia does not produce exudate so the cough is non- productive. In general, symptoms of viral pneumonia are less severe than those of bacterial pneumonia. The uncle’s case of viral pneumonia has less acute symptoms than the children’s case of bacterial pneumonia. Pneumococcal pneumonia is not necessarily more severe in children. The children most likely have bacterial pneumonia, which is why their symptoms are more acute than the classmate’s case of viral pneumonia. Question 3 0.125 out of 0.125 points After evaluation, a child’s asthma is characterized as “extrinsic.” This means that the asthma is Selected Answer: c. associated with specific allergic triggers.
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Correct Answer: c. associated with specific allergic triggers. Response Feedback: Extrinsic asthma is also referred to as allergic asthma, which is triggered by antigens. The underlying pathogenesis of extrinsic asthma is an allergic in nature. Intrinsic asthma is associated with respiratory infections. Intrinsic asthma is associated with psychological factors. Question 4 0.125 out of 0.125 points Obstructive sleep apnea would most likely be found in a patient diagnosed with Selected Answer: c. Pickwickian syndrome. Correct Answer: c. Pickwickian syndrome. Response Feedback: Pickwickian syndrome is hypoventilation caused by obesity. Sleep apnea is often a problem in obese individuals. Obstructive sleep apnea is not likely to be found in a patient with myasthenia gravis, poliomyelitis, or pneumonia. Question 5 0.125 out of 0.125 points A restrictive respiratory disorder is characterized by Selected Answer: c. decreased residual volume. Correct Answer: c. decreased residual volume. Response Feedback: Restrictive respiratory disorders are characterized by decreased residual volume. Restrictive respiratory disorders are not characterized by increased residual volume. Inspiratory and expiratory wheezing are not characteristic of restrictive respiratory disorder.
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  • Spring '17
  • Scott
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, bacterial pneumonia

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