POLI 236

POLI 236 - POLI 236 1 Three defining characteristics of...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
POLI 236 8/28/2007 1. Three defining characteristics of East-Central Europe a. Peasant character b. Nationalism i. Slow and steady development of national identity and pride ii. ‘re-awakening’ nationalism from the oppressors During inter-war period, there was pressure to define your own self national identity 1. Could not be mixed (Dual or blended backgrounds were often tailored to suit individual’s needs) c. Dependence on outside powers 2. Role of the Intelligentsia a. Public Intellectuals i. Educated, using their education to help shape local/national politics b. Former nobility i. Educated in western Europe ii. Losing traditional sources of income iii. Become more and more interested in creating more state for them to run (not full independence, but rather greater autonomy) 1. New roles: a. working in the state bureaucracy b. working in political parties c. Connecting with local masses i. Nationalism served to bond both classes together ii. Mix of utility and conviction 1. Utility: creating uses for themselves 2. Conviction: belief in the cause of national re-awakening 3. Leaders of Nations a. What defines a nation? i. Subjective Nationalism “Civic” (French view) 1. A choice to identify with a nationality a. No inherent characteristic (race, language, religion) bars one from the nation 2. A nation constitutes itself from the people on its territory ii. Ethnic Nationalism (Nazi view) 1. Nationality is defined by race, language, or religion (objective characteristics) a. Created in 19 th century by Johan Gottfried Herder b. Blurry ethnic divisions in ECE made it hard to realistically define race, nationality iii. Assimilation? 1. To what extent can people be assimilated into a nation? a. Extreme view: Hitler
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
i. No assimilation, certain ancestries carry down through all generations iv. Nationalism becomes a theory of political legitimacy 4. After WW1: i. Poland-created after WW1 our of Russian, German and AH empires 1. 24 million people a. 4 million Ukrainian b. 3 million Jews c. 1 million Germans 2. Two visions of Poland a. First school thought that Poland ought to be ethnically pure b. Second leaned towards civic nationalism ii. Czechoslovakia iii. Romania iv. Bulgaria b. All have substantial ethnic minority populations c. US, UK, France imposed a liberal order against imperial ambitions of Germany and Soviet Union i. Self-determining—independent states ii. States as democracies 1. Liberal constitutional framework a. Liberal—protection of individual rights and freedoms b. State—must rule by legal limits on power Many ethnic Germans living in Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania Hungarians in Romania and Czechoslovakia States believed that minorities were a threat to their national security Hungarian and German states acted as protectors of their ethnic minorities in other countries 8/30/2007 N.B First map quiz is upcoming NEXT class. Five maps at back of Eastern Europe book, know countries, cities for extra credit. Watch out for East Germany, time periods,
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 16

POLI 236 - POLI 236 1 Three defining characteristics of...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online