Meditation Essay Draft.docx - Meditation Part Two Objection and Replies Mahnaaz Ismailzadah Introduction In Mediation Part Two Descartes attempt on

Meditation Essay Draft.docx - Meditation Part Two Objection...

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Meditation Part Two Objection and Replies Mahnaaz Ismailzadah Introduction In Mediation Part Two, Descartes attempt on rebuilding a solid foundation of knowledge, where he neglects all doubts and without guidance by others, on facts only . Descartes builds his knowledge using skeptical method of doubt . This method consists of four rules, which are; retain facts that cannot be doubted, divide problems to many parts to simplify the challenge, think in an orderly way from simple to challenging, and finally one should review his thought process so nothing has been omitted . This skeptical method of doubt is used analytically as it is a method to discover the truth . This method does not make Descartes a skeptic as he uses this method as a means to an end by which the truth can not be doubted and can be found without a skeptic challenge . His method is used as an instruction to demolish any doubtful knowledge and rebuild it into factual . Through the skeptical method of doubt, it led to the first item of knowledge of truth, “I exist”, which is what essentially Mediation Part Two is about . He declares that the mind is independent from the body and for the fact that he is thinking should be the exemplary proof that he exists . Thomas Hobbes and Pierre Gassendi construct objections to Desc artes conclusion . Before I explain their objections, I will first discuss the nature of Descartes deliberation in Mediation Part Two including his distinction that mind is independent from the body . I will argue that Hobbes’ and Gassendi’s criticisms are unsuccessful . Decartes discussion that “I” exists
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Descartes concludes an undoubtable truth that the mind is independent from the body . He defines bodies as things which have extension and the mind does not have an extension . He can think he has a body but he can be deceived on having a body from a deceiver . “The fact that it is I who am doubting and understanding and willing is so evident that I see no way of making it any clearer . ” Since he is able to have complex thoughts such as comprehend, doubt, and understand, is evidence that for certain that he exists . Using his skeptical method of doubt, he divides his challenges into two parts, the mind and the body . He describes the mind as non-physical, unchanging, and not extended, where the body is opposite . The body is changing, dependent, and doubtable . Descartes declare that the mind and the body are separate is known as the mind-body dualism . The first premise is that Descartes can conceive a thought, in turn being conscious, that does not include material entities .
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