Unformatted text preview: 8. As body weight decreases, assuming daily routine and exercise patterns do not change, what happens to energy
b. stays the same
(1. can’t be predicted
e. decreases, then increases 9. Protein is a constituent of blood clotting factors, blood transport proteins, lipoproteins, and structural
components. Which of the following is NOT a structural component made with protein?
a. bone matrix
0. connective tissue
d. cell membranes none of thevabove 10. Which of the following increases the HDL fraction of blood lipids?
(é exercise, moderate alcohol consumption, estrogen, and weight loss.
. estrogen, chylomicrons, exercise, and a diet rich in fruits and vegetables
c. estrogen, a low—CHO diet, exercise, and eicosanoids.
d. none of the above. 11. Which of the dietary fats below affects the body by altering the type of eicosanoids produced, resulting in a
prolonged blood—clotting time? a. omega-6 fatty acids
omega-3 fatty acids 0. saturated fat d. monounsaturated fat e. none of the above 12, Which of the following blood lipid levels, in milligrams per deciliter, represents the higher risk for heart
disease? a. Total cholesterol [>200, LDL >35, HDL >130. b. Total cholesterol >200, LDL >130, HDL >35.
Total cholesterol >200, LDL >130, HDL <35. ' d. Total cholesterol >200, LDL <130, HDL <35. 13. A diet too high in protein (and therefore low in carbohydrate) might result in
a; a rapid increase in blood sugar. b. muscle breakdown for glycogenolysis (conversion of glucose to glycogen).
extra burden on kidneys to excrete nitrogen. d. all of above.
; e. a and c only 14. Which of the following statements best describes high-ﬁber foods?
a. They are generally high in kcals. ' b. Examples are ice cream, meat, and dairy products. ' c. They tend to be high in sugar but low in fat. They promote satiety due to their higher volume with respect to low-ﬁber foods. ...
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- Fall '08