Exam One Guide

Exam One Guide - World War II Exam One Possible Topics...

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World War II Exam One Possible Topics Nature of History – There are many things that get in the way of humans and historians as they strive to find out the “Truth” or what really happened. There is ones own perception of things: example is are you tall? Sure, but compared to who? There is culture with Language and Language barriers. We get our history from TV and Movies but we really have NO idea what it is like to be a soldier. Unfortunately, “we know” we are blinded by the fact that we know how it ends. However, 18 year old bobby in 1942 has no idea if the US will even WIN the war. The order and meaning of everything, again this isn’t the movies not everything is going to happen at exactly the right time or have any meaning. Nature of War – “Only the dead have seen the end of war” – Plato. Carl von Clauswitz wrote his novel Jom Kriege or On War all about war. The book separated war into three parts. Policy, or what the nation wants to gain from it. Friction, or the unplanned part of war such as weather, a messenger lost his way etc. Finally, Primitive which is the physical act of it such as circling your enemy. Morality and War – It can be broken up intro three ways. Realism, only the strong survive and the weak will suffer. Pacifism, no war is ever justified. And finally the third grouping which is inbetween the other two the “jus ad …” The first is Jus ad bellum, justice of entering a war. The parts of this include: direct motivation, just cause, correct authority that is publicly declared, last resort, chance of success and correct proportionality. Second is Jus in bello, justice during a war. It includes: following international law, respect who is a combatant/who isn’t, care for prisoners, no evil methods (rape, torture etc). Finally there is Just post bellum, justice after a war. It includes: Punishing war crimes, compensation, rehabilitation, justice, no secret treaties, no discrimination, and punish aggression. Beer Hall Putsch – In November 1923 Hitler and fellow Nazi’s met in a beer hall in Munich and proceeded to march on Munich in an attempt to take over the government. They got the idea for the coup from Mussolini who had successfully marched on Rome and become the fascist dictator of Italy the year before in October. Several people were killed in the coup attempt and Hitler was captured and sent to a political “jail.” During his time in prison Hitler writes Mein Kampf or My Struggle in which he lays out nearly his entire plan of being Fuhrer of Germany and eliminating the Jews. Emperor Hirohito – Hirohito (1901 – 1989) was the emperor of Japan during their attack on China and World War II. During this time Japan is a homogeneous island nation which has aspirations of global and ocean control. As emperor of Japan Hirohito is also a God in the Shinto religion. Although he is the head of the Japanese government most of the decisions were left to Prime Minister Tojo. Kellogg-Briand Pact – In August of 1928 Senator Kellogg and French foreign minister Briand
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Exam One Guide - World War II Exam One Possible Topics...

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