Wuchich Research Paper.pdf - Running head PTSD...

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Running head: PTSD PSYCHOPATHOLOGY 1 PTSD Psychopathology: An Integrative Research Primer for Pastoral Counseling Jeffrey T. Wuchich Asbury Theological Seminary
PTSD PYSCHOPATHOLOGY 2 Abstract Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a complex mental illness with impacts not only to the suffers of the disease, but also to their families, work environments, and even society at large. Compounding the problem is the fact that the complexity of symptoms often make diagnosis challenging. There is also a reluctance amongst sufferers to seek help for their symptoms. Many myths regarding PTSD permeate the culture, providing a stigma that is the primary deterrent for those afflicted from seeking treatment. In this paper, I will seek to clearly communicate the myriad of symptoms (PTSD Symptoms, 2018) refer to clusters of them. I will differentiate PTSD from other adjustment disorders to help eliminate confusion. This undertaking will dispel some of the more common myths as it explores the etiology of PTSD and considers certain populations at risk, and other cultural considerations. Various treatments are addressed, including some recent developments. Finally, for the Christian Counselor this paper will reflect on how the Gospel may speak to those suffering from PTSD. Keywords: posttraumatic stress disorder, PTSD symptomology, PTSD differential diagnosis, PTSD myths, PTSD at-risk populations, PTSD treatments, Christian response to PTSD
PTSD PYSCHOPATHOLOGY 3 PTSD Psychopathology: An Integrative Research Primer for Pastoral Counseling Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a complex mental illness with impacts not only to the suffers of the disease, but also to their families, work environments, and even society at large. Compounding the problem is the fact that the complexity of symptoms often make diagnosis challenging. There is also a reluctance amongst sufferers to seek help for their symptoms. Many myths regarding PTSD permeate the culture, providing a stigma that is the primary deterrent for those afflicted from seeking treatment. In this paper, I will seek to clearly communicate the myriad of symptoms –(PTSD Symptoms , 2018) refer to clusters of them. I will differentiate PTSD from other adjustment disorders to help eliminate confusion. This undertaking will dispel some of the more common myths as it explores the etiology of PTSD and considers certain populations at risk as well as other cultural considerations. Various treatments are addressed, including some recent developments. Finally, for the Christian Counselor this paper will reflect on how the Gospel may speak to those suffering from PTSD. Symptomology As the disorder’s name suggests, PTSD is a response to a traumatic event. The PTSD Alliance lists three clusters of symptoms (PTSD Symptoms, 2018): recreating, avoidance, and vigilance. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM 5 ; American Psychiatric Association (APA), 2013, p. 271-74) expands on these three clusters of symptoms, including disturbances in mood and cognition. These symptoms also have some

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