CH 22 Fighting World War II Good Neighbors -FDR embarked on a number of departures in foreign policy. -Soviet Union - -Wanted peace between U.S and soviet union -Many diplomatic and military officers were opposed to it Latin America -FDR created good neighbor policy with Latin America -The policy's main principle was that of non-intervention and non-interference in the domestic affairs of Latin America. It also reinforced the idea that the United States would be a "good neighbor" and engage in reciprocal exchanges with Latin American countries. -Latin American countries weren’t convinced of this deal The Road to War -Japan had expanded its reach in Manchuria and China by the mid-1930s. Germany embarked on a campaign to control the entire continent. Benito Mussolini -Leader of the fascist party in Italy -Advocated for italian intervention in WWI -Subdued libya,pacified somalia, and conquered ethiopia -he helped the nationalists win the spanish war -Although Roosevelt was alarmed, he was tied to the policy of appeasement. Isolationism -American businesspeople did not wish to give up profitable overseas markets in Germany and Japan. -Many Americans were reluctant to get involved in international affairs because of the legacy of World War I. -Congress favored isolationism, as seen with various Neutrality Acts. War in Europe Germany invaded Poland on September 1, 1939. Blitzkrieg appeared unstoppable. For nearly two years, Britain stood virtually alone in fighting Germany. Battle of Britain -turning point of WWII -Battle of Britain ended when Germany’s Luftwaffe failed to gain air superiority over the Royal Air Force despite months of targeting Britain’s air bases, military posts and, ultimately, its civilian population. Toward Intervention -In 1940, breaking with a tradition that dated back to George Washington, Roosevelt announced his candidacy for a third term as president. -He ran due to being in the middle of WWII Congress passed the Lend-Lease Act in 1941 and froze Japanese assets.
-Military aid to Britain was greatly facilitated by the Lend-LeaseAct of March 11, 1941, in which Congress authorized the sale, lease, transfer, or exchange of arms and supplies to 'any country whose defense the president deems vital to the defense of the United States.'" Pearl Harbor On December 7, 1941, Japanese planes, launched from aircraft carriers, bombed the naval base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. FDR declared war against japan The War in Europe D-Day established the second front in western Europe. The crucial fighting in Europe took place on the eastern front between Germany and the Soviet Union. Stalingrad marked the turning point. -Battle resulted in successful Soviet defense of the city of Stalingrad Holocaust Business and the War -Americans produced a large amount of wartime goods and used science and technology.