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Sara Paige YoungJS 211Professor GillermanDecember 2018Final Writing AssignmentPart I: Primary SourcesFor this section choose any two primary sources, preferably two that can be easily contrasted andoutline how you would answer a question on the final. For the outline ensure you hit the main points such as the basic information: author, purpose, date and historical context. Then outline how they shed light on the historical period in which they were written and the phenomena they represent.Warsaw Diary of Chaim Kaplana.Written by Chaim Kaplan, a school teacher who founded a Hebrew elementary school, where he was principal for forty years.b.Purpose i.Writing was Kaplan’s way of resisting, a form of spiritual and personal resistance to the Nazi partyii.To be remembered and to document his struggles iii.To record the story of the Jews in the Warsaw ghetto and speculate about what was to comeiv.Expose Nazi corruption in the ghetto v.To document anti-Jewish policies imposed by the Nazi party and how those affected life in ghetto.vi.To detail how Jew’s living in the ghetto reacted to the laws and policies that eliminated their rightsvii.To present his evidence and opinions about the victimization of the Poles as well as the Jewsc.Date: The diary starts on September 1st, 1939 and ends on August 4th, 1942d.Historical context: i.Germany invaded Poland on September 1st, 1939, and the ghetto’s are establishedii.Germany continued conquer most of Europe over the next year, ghetto’s are established across Europeiii.1942 there is mass deportation of the Warsaw ghetto to the Treblinka death campe.How the dairy shed light on the historical period/ phenomena i.Kaplan talks about cruelty is a sickness that can affect whole communities and even entire nations when referring to the rapidly spreading Nazi ideology
ii.Kaplan describes how the ghetto was first separated by guards posting at the border and eventually walls were built to make ghetto a closed communityiii.He describes everyday life in the ghetto-- people first were fearful and panicked, but later became accustomed to the cruelty and discrimination of life in the ghettoiv.He talks about the effect the ghetto had on Polish Jews- with only each other to rely on, inhabitants of the ghetto felt like they were responsible to take care of each other. Social action was diffused through all levels of the community in the ghetto. v.The Jews formed a functioning community in the ghetto--everyone took upon public duty in their courtyard. Each courtyard committee was divided into reporting subcommittees and each subcommittee was again divided so that everyone had a role vi.In the ghettos schooling of children was forbidden, however Kaplan details how Jewish children are still secretly learning. Inhabitants often used children to smuggle food from the outside world.