Rough Draft Term Paper on Autism

Rough Draft Term Paper on Autism - Introduction To...

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Introduction To Community Medicine Lack of Educational Support for Children with Autism Temple Grandin, a famous individual diagnosed with autism, stated social communication as feeling "like an anthropologist on Mars” (Berlin). Autism is a brain disorder that begins in early childhood and persists throughout adulthood. It affects three crucial areas of development: communication, social interaction, and creative or imaginative play (“Glossary,” University of Chicago Comer Children's Hospital: Glossary - Ear, Nose, and Throat ). Individuals suffering from autism in American society confront many issues shown through their daily experiences with education, careers, medical treatment, and family environment. Most of these important issues in their lives stem from the lack of support and educational provisions for children with autism. Autism, a serious developmental disorder, begins sometime between birth and the first two-and- a-half years of life. Most autistic children seem normal in appearance, but spend their time involved in “puzzling and disturbing behaviors” which are clearly different from those of normal children. Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD) and Asperger's Syndrome may be diagnosed for children having many "autistic" social and behavioral problems. These cases are usually less severe (“What is Autism?” Defeat Autism Now ). The most common characteristic of autism is impaired social interaction (“Autism Fact Sheet”). During infancy, a baby with autism may act indifferent towards people or focus attentively on one item and exclude all other items from its attention for long periods of time (“Autism Fact Sheet”). An autistic child may seem to be developing normally but then may soon withdraw and become unresponsive to social interactions (“Autism Fact Sheet”). Autistic children sometimes do not respond to their name and also avoid eye contact with family members and other people. This is in part to their difficulty interpreting what others are thinking or what they are feeling because of their inability to pick up social cues (such as tone of voice or facial expressions) (“Autism Fact Sheet”). They have trouble showing sympathy (“Autism Fact Sheet”). Many children with autism engage in repetitive movements such as rocking and twirling, or in self-abusive behavior such as biting or head-banging (“Autism Fact Sheet”). Children with autism have a tendency to start speaking later than other children and sometimes refer to themselves by name instead of “I” or “me” (“Autism Fact Sheet”). They also have a reduced sensitivity to pain (“Autism Fact Sheet”). On the other side, they are abnormally sensitive to sound, touch, or other sensory stimulation (“Autism Fact Sheet”). These unusual reactions are believed to be a characteristic for behavioral reactions such as a resistance to being cuddled or hugged (“Autism Fact Sheet”). For unknown reasons, 20 to 30 percent of children with autism develop epilepsy by the time they reach adulthood. Although there is no definite evidence, autism is believed to be a genetic disorder as well as a
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Rough Draft Term Paper on Autism - Introduction To...

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