Theories of Counseling Chart.docx - Theories of Counseling...

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Theories of Counseling Chart As you progress through this course, you will study several different theories, some of which have more similarities than differences and vice versa. In order for you to learn about them more effectively and to create a personalized tool you can use in the future, you will create a Theories of Counseling Chart summarizing key aspects of each theory. As you review the theories each week, complete the “Click here to enter text” box sections of this chart. You will work on this chart throughout the course and submit it in Unit 5 and in Unit 10 as a discussion post. You will be able to refer to this chart throughout your classes, into your fieldwork, and beyond. Refer to the Web Sites and Readings for Theories of Psychotherapy course file document to assist you in completing the Theories Chart. List of Theories Psychoanalytic and Psychodynamic Therapy Adlerian Theory Existential Therapy Gestalt Therapy Person-Centered Therapy Behavioral Therapy Reality Therapy Cognitive Therapy Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) Feminist Therapy Complementary and Alternative Therapies Narrative Therapy Solution-Focused Therapy Family Systems Integrative Therapy
Psychoanalytic and Psychodynamic Therapy
Key Concepts What are some of the key propositions of the theory? How and why do people develop problems? 1. View s of Human Theory of Change How can therapy help a person overcome problems? What must a person do to improve his or her functioning? 1.Increases adaptive functioning and involves the reduction of symtoms and the resolution of conflicts. 2. The Goal is to make the unconscious, conscious and strengthen the ego 3. Whe the ego is stong, behavior is based on reality and less on instinctual cravings or irrational guilt. 4. The individual must commit to an intense and long term process as this type of therapy takes time 5. The client must engage in free association 6. The client must work through their old patterns 7. The client must release their defensive barriers or mechanisms
2. Structu re of Peronal ity: Consist s of 3 things; the Id, Ego and Supere go 3. Focuse
s on the effects of the uncons cious on the conscio usness 4. Anxiet y:feelin g of dread; results from repress ed feelings , memori es, desires, and experie nces that come to our awaren ess 5. Ego- Defens e Mecha nisms: assists in coping
with ansiety; prevent s Ego from becomi ng overwh elmed. Comm on charact eristics include deny or distort reality and operate on an uncons cious level 6. Develo pment of Persona lity and psychse xual Stages: Early develop ment is signific ant in the
psycho sexual stages of develop ment (Oral, Anal and Phallic) .
Interventions What techniques does the counselor use to help bring about change?

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