Sociology 5
Fall 2018
Final Exam Review Topics
The following is a list of questions/prompts designed to help you focus your studying for the
Final Exam around the key issues for each course subtopic.
The exam will focus on the material covered in lecture and the readings from October 2
nd
through November 27th. However, all of the course material is also fair game! You will almost
certainly be asked to draw on the material on conceptualization, levels of measurement,
deductive methods, and external, internal, and construct validity and reliability. Please consult
the midterm review questions to refresh on that material.
A few tips and disclaimers:
1.It is important that you understand the main concepts from the course. One of the key ways
that I will assess your understanding is by asking you to apply these concepts to examples.
Memorizing short definitions alone will not be sufficient, though you should certainly be able to
summon a short description of key terms and ideas. But, more importantly, you need to be able to
explain and apply the concept.
2. I may refer to the authors of our readings by name in the questions.
If you refer to the authors
you are drawing on by name in your responses that will help us to evaluate your answer. (for
example: I may refer to “Pager” or “Stinchombe” etc
....
)
3. These questions are not exam questions. These are study questions.
4. This is not an exhaustive list (but it is close
....
)
5. Exam format:
a. You will have three hours to do the exam (minus ten mins for Berkeley time)
b. The exam is closed book and closed note
c. There will be four definitions and you will choose three to answer in 23 sentences
d. There will be four medium length answer prom pts and you will choose three to answer
in 12 pages
Descriptive Statistics
• What is the difference between descriptive and inferential statistics?
• What is univariate analysis?

Can you present frequencies from a column of numbers?

Can you calculate measures of central tendency (mean, median, mode)?

Which measures of central tendency can you calculate for which levels of measurement?

What is a skewed distribution?

How do we capture the variation in our data?
What are measures of variance good for?
• What is bivariate analysis?
• Can you examine a bivariate table (for instance earnings by gender or incarceration rates by
race)
and interpret the strength and direction of the relationship?
• What is the proportionate reduction of error principle?
Sampling
• What is a nonprobability sample?
• What is a probability sample?
• What is external validity?
• Can you compare nonprobability and probability samples pro/con?
• Can you define and relate the following: Target population, sampling frame, sampled/study
population, ineligible population, nonresponse?
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 Spring '15
 Sociology, Statistical hypothesis testing