Weekly Assignment #7- Lauren Couvillion.docx - Lauren Couvillion Weekly Assignment#7 1 Identify and state the historical significance of the following a

Weekly Assignment #7- Lauren Couvillion.docx - Lauren...

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Lauren Couvillion Weekly Assignment #7 1. Identify and state the historical significance of the following: a. Lewis and Clark - William Clark and Merriwether Lewis sent out to explore the recently purchased Louisiana Territory. Their exploring lasted from 1804-1806. They traveled up the Missouri River, through the Rockies, and to the mouth of the Columbia River. This exploration bolstered America's claim to western lands as well as opening the west to Indian trade and further exploration. Jefferson sent his personal secretary, Lewis and his army officer Clark to explore the northern part of the Louisiana Purchase. b. John Marshall - Chief Justice of the Supreme Court from 1801 until his death in 1835, Marshall strengthened the role of the courts by establishing the principle of judicial review. During his tenure, the court also expanded the powers of the federal government through a series of decisions that established federal supremacy over the states. c. Aaron Burr - Revolutionary War soldier and vice president under Thomas Jefferson, Burr is most famous for fatally wounding Alexander Hamilton in a duel in 1804. In 1806, Burr led a failed plot to separate the trans-Mississippi West from the United States. Narrowly acquitted of treason, Burr fled to France where he tried to convince Napoleon to ally with Britain against the U.S. d. Tecumseh - Accomplished Shawnee warrior, Tecumseh sought to establish a confederacy of Indian tribes east of the Mississippi. He opposed individual tribes’ selling of land to the United States, arguing the land belonged to all the Native peoples. After 1811, Tecumseh allied with the British, fighting fiercely against the United States until his death in 1813. e. Oliver Hazard Perry - American naval officer whose decisive victory over a British fleet on Lake Erie during the War of 1812 reinvigorated American morale and paved the way for General William Henry Harrison’s victory at the Battle of the Thames in 1813. f. Thomas Macdonough - American naval officer who secured a decisive victory over a British fleet at the Battle of Plattsburg, halting the British invasion of New York. g. Francis Scott Key - American author and lawyer who composed the “Star Spangled Banner”, now the national anthem, allegedly while observing the bombardment of Fort McHenry from the deck of a British ship where he was detained. h. Andrew Jackson - War hero, congressman and sixth president of the United States. A Democrat, Jackson accompanied in a new era in American politics, advocating white manhood suffrage and cementing party loyalties through the spoils system. As president, he dismantled the Bank of the United States, asserted federal supremacy in the nullification crisis, and oversaw the harsh policy of Indian removal in the South.

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