Weekly Assignment #5- Lauren Couvillion.docx - Lauren Couvillion Weekly Assignment#5 1 Identify and state the historical significance of the following a

Weekly Assignment #5- Lauren Couvillion.docx - Lauren...

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Lauren Couvillion Weekly Assignment #5 1. Identify and state the historical significance of the following: a. Benedict Arnold - He was an American General during the Revolutionary War (1776). He prevented the British from reaching Ticonderoga. Later, in 1778, he tried to help the British take West Point and the Hudson River but he was found out and declared a traitor. b. John Burgoyne - He was a British general that submitted a plan for invading New York state from Canada. He was then given charge of the army. Though defeated, he advanced troops near Lake Champlain to near Albany. Burgoyne surrendered at Saratoga on Oct. 17, 1777. This battle helped to bring France into the war as an ally for the United States; this has been called one of the decisive battles of history c. Charles Cornwallis - He was a British general who fought in the Seven Years War, was elected to the House of Commons in 1760, and lost battles to George Washington on December 26, 1776 and on January 3, 1777. Cornwallis made his mark on history, even though he could never ensure an overall British win over the Americans. He had many individual victories and losses against the Americans in the American Revolution and will always be remembered as a great and powerful general. d. George Rogers Clark - Frontiersman; led the seizing of 3 British forts in 1777; led to the British giving the region north of the Ohio River to the United States. e. Richard Henry Lee - He was a member of the Philadelphia Congress during the late 1770's. On June 7, 1776 he declared, "These United colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent states." This resolution was the start of the Declaration of Independence and end to British relations. f. Horatio Gates - started in the English army and worked his way up through the ranks. Latter during the revolution he turned sides and was appointed to take charge of the Continental army of the North. One of Gates accomplishments was his victory at Saratoga. His career in the army ended when he lost to General Charles Cornwallis. g. John Paul Jones - The commander of one of America's ships; daring, hard-fighting young Scotsman; helped to destroy British merchant ships in 1777; brought war into the water of the British seas. h. William Howe - English General who commanded the English forces at Bunker Hill. Howe did not relish the rigors of winter campaigning, and he found more agreeable the bedtime company of his mistress. At a time when it seemed obvious that he should join the forces in New York, he joined the main British army for an attack on Philadelphia. i. Baron von Steuben - Friedrich Wilhelm August Heinrich Ferdinand Steuben also referred to as the Baron von Steuben, was a Prussian and later an American military officer. He served as inspector general and major general of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. He is credited with

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