Learning theory EXAM 1.docx - 1 Descartes Philosophy of...

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1. Descartes Philosophy of dualism states that: a. There are two types of human behaviors: voluntary or involuntary b. Voluntary and involuntary behaviors are elicited by environmental stimuli c. All animal behaviors are voluntary d. Voluntary behaviors are controlled by free will, and involuntary behaviors are elicited by environmental stimuli e. A & D 2. The Russian psychologist I. M. Sechenov argued that ‘spontaneously’ occurring thoughts and resulting ‘voluntary’ behavior could be explained by: a. Undetected environmental stimuli triggering mental activity in a reflex-like manner b. The voice of self consciousness c. The release of animal spirits in the brain d. The principal of hedonism 3. The British empiricists argued that a. The source of all knowledge was sensory experience b. Simple elements of knowledge could combine to form complex ideas c. Humans are born tabula rasa d. All of the above 4. According to Darwinian theory, natural selection promotes survival of: a. All members of a species b. Members of a species that undergo genetic mutation c. Members of a species in which genetic mutation produces a competitive advantage d. None of the above 5. According to Darwin the traits that provide a species with a competitive advantage: a. Are physical such as changes in color that provide camouflage b. Are immunological such as those that increase resistance to disease c. Are psychological such as increases in the ability to learn d. All of the above 6. LEARNED decrements in responding to a repeatedly presented eliciting stimulus is referred to as: a. Habituation b. Sensory adaptation c. Motor fatigue d. Dishabituation 7. According to dual process theory, habituation involves:
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a. An association between the eliciting stimulus and other stimuli in the environment b. Activation of the habituation process c. Activation of the Dishabituation process d. Activation of the sensitization e. B & D 8. According to dual process theory, the following is true regarding the intensity of the eliciting stimulus a. It is inversely related to the habituation process b. It is directly related to the sensitization process c. The more intense the stimulus the higher is the asymptopic level of habituation d. A & B e. All of the above 9.
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  • Spring '14
  • Motor neuron, sensory neuron, Startle reaction

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