218963469_Literature_Review_draft_4_753273290096641.docx - BACKGROUND AND LITERATURE REVIEW THE SOCIAL IMPACT OF DEPORTATIONS ON IMMIGRANT FAMILIES AND

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BACKGROUND AND LITERATURE REVIEW THE SOCIAL IMPACT OF DEPORTATIONS ON IMMIGRANT FAMILIES AND COMMUNITIES Table of Contents CHAPTER TWO .......................................................................................................................... 3 Background ................................................................................................................................ 3 Literature review ........................................................................................................................ 6 Impact of Deportation of the Latino on Public Safety ............................................................... 6 Impact of Deportation of the Latino on Public Education ....................................................... 10 Impact of Deportation of the Latino on Public Health ............................................................ 15 References .................................................................................................................................. 22
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Running Head: BACKGROUND AND LITERATURE REVIEW 2 CHAPTER TWO Background The government of the United States has been deporting individuals who are undocumented residents. There has been an obsession by the U.S. government to deport non- citizens and exercise strict border control (Walters & Cornelisse, 2010). Immigration laws and policies were very flexible and more bearable three decades prior to the 1996 Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act (IIRIRA), which strengthened the enforcement arm of the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) giving it broad authority to arrest, detain and remove immigrants (Phillips, Hagan, & Rodriguez, 2006).'The aspects of deportation took new shape after the terror attack which took place on September 11, 2001, that saw more than a thousand-people dead and many others injured by the bombing of the Twin Towers cite. According to Golash-Bozaa and Hondagneu-Sotelo (2013), between 1997 through 2012, approximately 4.2 million deportations were exercised in the U.S. The deportation era as described by Golash-Boza and Hondagneu-Sotelo (2013) has brought many unprecedented deportations – over two and a half million during the Obama administration alone; the number of deportations during the fifteen-year period between 1997 and 2012 outnumbers the total of all deportations before 1997 (Golash-Boza & Hondagneu-Sotelo, 2013; U.S. Department of Homeland Security, 2015). In fact, many of the people who are deported have families, children, or spouses residing in the U.S. Most of the deportees are neither lawbreakers nor associated with criminal gangs
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Running Head: BACKGROUND AND LITERATURE REVIEW 3 (U.S. Department of Homeland Security & Office of the Inspector General, 2009). Children are the most sensitive part of the U.S population and are mostly affected by the aftermath of deportation activities by the Government of the U.S. Children are separated from their parents, and this denies them social as well as the economic support. ICE’s report to congress shows that more than 100,000 US born citizens children were separated from their parents by deportation (lIRS , 2012; Baum et al. 2010). Among these children, 44,000 of them were under the age of 5 when their parents were deported, the authors wrote. This is because Current U.S. immigration laws enforce deportation of lawful permanent resident (LPR) parents of thousands of U.S. citizen children, without giving these parents the chance to challenge their forced separations (Baum et al, 2010).
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  • Winter '16
  • Professor Obura Oluoch
  • Immigration to the United States

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