Class14_289J_fa18_review_for_midterm.rtf - Midterm review...

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Midterm reviewGVPT 289J15 October 2018FormatShort answer/identification (5 questions, 25% of grade, no choice)Essays (3 essays, will have some choice, 75% of grade, about 1-2 blue book pages each)Key individuals that we’ve discussed at lengthPRC leaders: Mao Zedong-Mao was a Chinese communist leader and founder of the People'sRepublic of China. He was responsible for the disastrous policies of the 'Great Leap Forward' and the'Cultural Revolution. He travelled to Beijing where he worked in the University Library. It was during thistime that he began to read Marxist literature. In 1921, he became a founder member of the ChineseCommunist Party (CCP) and set up a branch in Hunan. In 1923, the Kuomintang (KMT) nationalist partyhad allied with the CCP to defeat the warlords who controlled much of northern China. Then in 1927, theKMT leader Chiang Kai-shek launched an anti-communist purge. The Communists and KMT were againtemporarily allied during eight years of war with Japan (1937-1945), but shortly after the end of WorldWar Two, civil war broke out between them. The Communists were victorious, and on 1 October 1949Mao proclaimed the founding of the People's Republic of China (PRC). Chiang Kai-shek fled to the islandof Taiwan.Mao and other Communist leaders set out to reshape Chinese society. Industry came under stateownership and China's farmers began to be organized into collectives. All opposition was ruthlesslysuppressed. The Chinese initially received significant help from the Soviet Union, but relations soonbegan to cool.In 1958, in an attempt to introduce a more 'Chinese' form of communism, Mao launched the 'Great LeapForward'. This aimed at mass mobilization of labor to improve agricultural and industrial production. Theresult, instead, was a massive decline in agricultural output, which, together with poor harvests, led tofamine and the deaths of millions. The policy was abandoned and Mao's position weakened.In an attempt to re-assert his authority, Mao launched the 'Cultural Revolution' in 1966, aiming to purgethe country of 'impure' elements and revive the revolutionary spirit. One-and-a-half million people diedand much of the country's cultural heritage was destroyed. In September 1967, with many cities on theverge of anarchy, Mao sent in the army to restore order.Mao appeared victorious, but his health was deteriorating. His later years saw attempts to build bridgeswith the United States, Japan and Europe. In 1972, US President Richard Nixon visited China and metMao.Mao died on 9 September 1976.Deng Xiaoping-Deng Xiaoping was born on August 22, 1904in Guang’an, rising throughpolitical ranks to become the communist leader who ruled China from the late 1970s until 1997.He abandoned many communist doctrines and incorporated elements of the free-enterprise
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Chapter 4 / Exercise 43
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system into the economy. Deng engineered reforms in virtually all aspects of China's political,economic and social life, restoring the country to domestic stability and economic growth after

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Term
Fall
Professor
HowardSmead
Tags
Republic of China, People s Republic of China
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The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Elementary and Intermediate Algebra: Algebra Within Reach
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Chapter 4 / Exercise 43
Elementary and Intermediate Algebra: Algebra Within Reach
Larson
Expert Verified

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