exam 2 soc.docx - 9/24 Before conducting research Theory...

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Mathematical Applications for the Management, Life, and Social Sciences
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Chapter 0 / Exercise 1
Mathematical Applications for the Management, Life, and Social Sciences
Harshbarger
Expert Verified
9/24 Before conducting research Theory The basics of all good research 1. Identify the issue/problem a. What the issue/problem you want to investigate? “Issues” are connected to your theoretical commitments… crime… what kind? b. Researchers must be passionate, committed, or practical/utilitarians c. Example: studying social problems: i. (Du Bois) Social Problem- failure of an organized social group to realize its group ideals Segregated mass of 8 million Americans are not an integral part of the social body What social forces explain the existing inequalities? How do we measure all the forces and conditions that makeup these inequalities? Current studies have: o Not been based on thorough knowledge (not tested with scientific method) o Have been unsystematic o Have been uncritical 1. Identify independent and dependent variables b. Dependent variable: variable being studied
c. But appreciate the complexity of issues
1. Read a. READ everything on the subject (what does it take to be considered an expert on a subject? … Prelims) ii. Knowing how to get answers through reading when it is not obvious
1. Plan a. Plan how to best study the matter (book= method that fits→ what are the most valuable methods can will help you answer a problem?)
We have textbook solutions for you!
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Mathematical Applications for the Management, Life, and Social Sciences
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Chapter 0 / Exercise 1
Mathematical Applications for the Management, Life, and Social Sciences
Harshbarger
Expert Verified
Experimental: explain= if a variable under Y conditions, what happens to X? o Examples: research on mobilization, altruism, helping behavior o Pros: systematic/control, easier to get ($$$), easier to conduct, hypothesis testing o Cons: not in depth, artificiality of setting affects results (ex: Hawthorne Effect), do labs really parallel real life?, reliance on college students, ethics (previous “unethical” experiments) Field Research o Qualitative field research= (No $$$)= understand how an entire social unit operates on its own terms o Example: observe & ask questions o Pros: in depth, research flexibility, naturalistic, easily modified o Cons: small samples, harder to generalize, lack of rigor→ snowball sampling (hard to interpret findings), subjectivity/objectivity (hard to get $$$- often $=0, hard to conduct fieldwork) Types of Qualitative Research Participants observation 10/1

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