Epic of Gilgamesh checklist 2018.doc - The Epic of...

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The Epic of Gilgamesh Checklist (Sandars Penguin edition) Important Peoples, Dates, and Places Mesopotamia (essentially = modern Iraq): means area between the rivers, i.e., Tigris and Euphrates Rivers Sumerians (c. 3400-2000 B.C.) in southern Iraq ziggurat, cuneiform Babylonians (Semitic; c. 2000-1600 B.C.) in central Iraq (Abraham and his family thought to have left southern Mesopotamia c. 1900 B.C.) Assyrians (Semitic; c. 1200-600 B.C.) in northern Iraq; established empire extending from western Iran to Egypt; capital city: Nineveh ( Epic of Gilgamesh found in library of Asshurbanipal during excavation of site) Kings from Sumerian King-List around whom Heroic Cycles formed Lugulbanda, 3rd ruler of the first post-diluvian (great flood) dynasty of Uruk Gilgamesh, 5th ruler of the first post-diluvian dynasty of Uruk (historical king c. 2700 B.C.) Some Important Gods Anu, god of firmament Enlil, god of the wind Sin, god of the moon (father of Shamash, Ishtar, and Ereskigal) Shamash (sun), god of justice and light Ishtar, goddess of love and war Ereshkigal, Queen of the Underworld Ea (sweet waters), god of wisdom and friend of mankind Annunaki (minor divinities, judges in underworld) Aruru (goddess of creation) Ninsun (mother of Gilgamesh) Geographical Regions Associated with Divinities An upper heavens Ki earth Kur underworld House of Death in underworld Other Important Characters in the Epic of Gilgamesh Gilgamesh Enkidu trapper harlot Humbaba Bull of Heaven Scorpions Siduri Urshanabi Utnapishtim and his wife plant that makes old men young serpent Important Places in the Epic Uruk (Ishtar’s and Anu’s city) Cedar Forest (probably mountains of northern Uraq and eastern Turkey) Mashu mountains, where the sun rises Dilman island where Utnapishtim lives Know the following from the Introduction (pp. 7-20)
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Discovery of Sumer and early Mesopotamian Civilization Austin Henry Layard’s excavations in the 1840s/50s at Nineveh (northern Iraq).
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