MUSC-171-Class-Notes.docx - MUSC 171 Class Notes Lecture 1...

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MUSC 171 Class NotesLecture 1Beat / pulse: basic unit of musical timeMeasure / bar: 1 unit of an accented patternBar line: line separating bars or measuresMost music we study look more like thisBackbeat: accent on 2 & 4Duration: length of time we hear a sound= whole note 4 beats= 2 half notes 2 beats= ¼ notes= 1/8 notes44Conducting: down, across, away, up1stbeat = down beatLast beat = up beat34Conducting: down, away, upMixed metre: different time signature in same pieceE.g. Spoonman by SoundgardenNo clear metre: out of timeE.g. beginning of Earth Song by Michael JacksonTempo: speed of musicStraight 8ths:Shuffle 8ths:E.g. Good Golly Miss Molly by Little RichardE.g. Down So Long by StingRitard: slow downSyncopation: placing stress (accents) on unexpected beats or between beatsE.g. Why Can’t This Be Love by Van Halen, Ray of Light by Madonna
Lecture 2Difference in Sound:1.Pitch: highness or lowness of a soundoDefinite pitch can be sung backoTone: definite pitchooIndefinite pitch e.g. percussion hitso2.Volume: dynamic; loudness or softness of a sound3.4.5.Crescendo6.Decrescendo7.Timbre: qualityoE.g. raw, rough, raspyoTone colour timbreoE.g. full or thin “Army of Me” - Bjork bassline goes from full to thin8.9.Chords: 3 or more notes heard at the same time10.Key: an organization of notes around a particular pitchSongs especially cover songs are played in different keys11.Modulation: change of key within a songMight sound triumphantShows skill in higher register e.g. BeyoncéRegister: range of notes12.13. Sections of a Pop Song14. Intro: IUsually no wordsJust instruments15. Verse: VSame music, different words16. Chorus: CRepeats both words & musicTitle of songs often here17. Bridge: BShorter section that bridges 2 other sections18. Solo: S19. Outro: OTag early pop music pre-1950s
Fade: F turn down of volumes20.21. “Little Red Corvette” – Prince22.23. “Viva La Vida” – ColdplayAdditive texture: adding more shit to song as it goes on24.25. “Awake My Soul” – Mumford & SonsFade In26.27.
28.Lecture 329.Recording History30.Thomas Edison 1877Tin foil cylinder records sound onto tin foilEnvisioned as an office machine since the sound was so bad31. Alexander Graham BellPhonographReplaced tin foil with wax coated cylinder to get a warmer sound32.Louis Glass1889Created an entertainment cylinderCan be used in public places; potential for musicoCan have multiple people listen at once with earbudsFather of the JukeboxoEntertainment cylinder was a jukebox precursor33. Emile BerlinerExperimented with the flat diskRecorded on zinc disc, then placed on hot rubber to create a copyStarted engraving sound on a wax coated zinc disk – 1887o“records” – rubber disk was a “record” of the originaloReplaces with shellac eventually34.

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