Chapter 2Early Farmers and City Dwellers.docx

Chapter 2Early Farmers and City Dwellers.docx - Chapter 2...

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Chapter 2 Early Farmers and City Dwellers By: Sawyer Tuinstra
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Vocabulary Lesson One Producing Food Droughts- long periods with little or no rain Domesticate- to tame plants and animals for human use Livestock- domesticated animals that resources Agriculture- knowledge of raising plants and animals Slash-and-burn Farming- system of farming in which forestlands are cut and burned to prepare soil for planting Surplus- extra supply Lesson Two Forming Complex Societies Subsisted- survived Terraces- flat areas built on slopes of mountains and hills Plow- tool used to cut, lift, and turn over soil Irrigation- ways to move water to land Barter- trade Pastoral societies- groups of people living as nomads with herds of animals Lesson Three Building Communities Division of Labor- a system in which people work according to their abilities Merchants- people who sell goods bought from traders Social classes- group that has a specific level importance in a society Government- system of leaders and laws Urban- relating to a city or cities Civilizations- a society with developed forms of religions and ways of governing Taxation- system in which people support the government Adapting to change
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About 10,000 years ago all humans were hunters and gathers. To adapt people learned to modify their physical environments. - Some places there was warmer temperatures allowing the people to spread father north or south of the equator - Still mystery why many large ice age animals disappeared - Some periods of time there were droughts
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  • Fall '14
  • Mr. Rude
  • Jericho, Catal Huyuk

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