History chapter 11.docx - Sawyer Tuinstra Chapter 11...

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Sawyer Tuinstra Chapter 11 History Notes:) Ancient China
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Vocabulary:) Loess- a deposit of yellow silt Steppes- dry treeless grasslands Terrace Farming- flat areas built on slopes of hills and mountains Dialect- a way of speaking Heritage- set of ideas that have been passed down from one generation to another Character- symbol that represents whole words Oracle Bones- earliest evidence of Chinese writing, found on an animal bone or turtle shell Diviner- person who can speak to gods and to ancestors Mandate of Heaven- order that said the Zhou kings would rule over China as long as they continued to show virtue Virtue- good quality Feudalism- political system of exchanging land for loyalty or protection Filial Piety- philosophy of Chinese culture that children were expected to treat their parents with honor and respect Confucianism- ideas of Confucius which are used as a guide for the ways of people should live Legalism- way of governing that gives absolute power to ruler Bureaucracy- network consisting of appointed officials Provinces- administrative region of a country Standardization- making systems such as money weights and measures and writing the same for everyone Civil Service- part of bureaucracy that does day to day running of government Ambassador- government representative Silk Road- most raveled trade routes People
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Shen Nong- brought agriculture to China, studied different herbs to find out which ones were poisonous and which ones could be used as medicines Huang Di- ordered invention of Chinese writing, he himself created carts, bows, arrows and houses Xilingshi- Huang Di’s wife, invented silk Yu the Great- dug deep canals to lead floodwaters to sea so farmers could once again plant their crops Tang the Successful- was a leader that brought more than 1800 villages together to begin the Shang Dynasty King Wu- Zhou ruler who conquered the Shang Confucius- was scholar, philosopher and teacher, very concerned by fighting, problems of government, and loss of traditional values of his time, used short sayings that were easy to understand and remember to teach his ideas, his goal was to have people live and work well together, his sayings often told importance of good behavior, tradition, kindness, respect for elders and education, children were expected to treat their parents with filial piety, he thought that filial piety which people should use as a model for showing honor and respect for their rulers, taught that people had to do certain duties to bring goodness to society, these in terms of five relationships: parent to child, ruler to subject, older brother to younger brother, husband to wife and friend to friend, his ideas were called Confucianism Shi Huangdi- born with name Chao Cheng to King Zhuang Xiang, did not come ruler till 21, 238 B.C began to defeat Qin Kingdoms, 221 B.C all China was under his control, then took name Shi Huangdi to show power, it meant First emperor, his goals were to strengthen and unite the
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