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FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDEThe BIOLOGY 103 course covers the following areas of biology:A.Scientific Theory,Scientific MethodVariables:Independent and DependentConcept of Control GroupHypothesis and Null HypothesisMaking Conclusions using Scientific MethodB.Characteristics of LifeC.Cell TheoryD.Molecular and Cellular OrganizationE.Mendelian Genetics; MutationsF.Biological EvolutionG.Ecosystems and EcologyReview the following terms and concepts as you study for the final examination.Disclaimer:This guide provides possible questions and concepts to study and review for thefinal. The questions listed below may not reflect the exact questions found on the finalexamination. Conversely, if a concept or question is found on this list, it does not necessarilymean that it will definitely be found on the final. This is a STUDY guide, not an exact listing ofquestions for the final examination.The Scientific MethodBe able to interpret a set of experimental data, determine whether the data proves or disprovesthe starting hypothesis of the experiment, and form conclusions based on the data.Be able to identify the following aspects in an experiment:Independent variableDependent variableControlled variablesControl group vs Test/experimental groupHypothesis & Null HypothesisPredictionResultsConclusion
Be able to distinguish between the following concepts:scientific methodscientific modelscientific resultscientific theoryCharacteristics of Life- list and describe the shared characteristics of living organisms.Water- describe the various properties of water which make it important to the survival anevolution of life on earth:CohesionPolaritySoluteTemperature regulationDescribe theLinnaean classification scheme. List and properly order the levels of organizationin the Linnaean classification scheme, includingDomain (highest, most inclusive level)KingdomPhylumClassOrderFamilyGenusSpecies (lowest, most specific level)Describe the relationship between the following items, including their hierarchical organizationand function in an organismcells (lowest level of organization)tissuesorgansorgan systemsorganism (highest level of organization)Cell Theory- describe the principles of the Cell Theoryall living organisms are composed of one or more cells
the cell is the smallest living unit (i.e. it is the smallest thing that is alive)all cells arise from pre-existing cells; the continuity of life results directly from thegrowth and division of single cells