HIST 1302 Unit IV: Cold War and Domestic StalemateOverview: The superpower conflict heated up in Korea, so much so that, following the death of Stalin in 1953, Eisenhower moved to unmilitarize the Cold War. The embarrassment of Sputnik and the election of John Kennedy, however, ushered in a dangerous period of instability that culminated in the Cuban Missile Crisis. So close did both powers come to World War III that an uneasy détente ensued. The domestic stalemate that had begun with the collapse of the New Deal coalition continued after the war when neither Truman, Eisenhower, nor Kennedy could budge Congress significantly. Major reform consequently languished. Moreover, with the legislative process stalemated, McCarthy could launch his witch-hunts with impunity, while civil rights leaders were forced to use the court system, rather than Congress, for speedy redress of grievances. Johnson broke the legislative logjam, producing the Great Society programs, but the growing American involvement in Vietnam and the Great Society programs destroyed the New Deal coalition. Worse, a cumbersome Congress was increasingly ignored by Nixon, who chose to defy not only the legislative branch but the law itself in Watergate. That scandal dramatically changed the balance of power between the Congress and the executive branch. The Reagan revolution changed the debate over the role of the federal government just as the Third Industrial Revolution created major changes in American society. Complicating matters was the arrival of the Third Industrial Revolution, the so-called information revolution, and the Fourth Great Awakening.1. Explain the concept of containment and give examples of its use.