Rishab Pandit Date: 6/12/18 ESSAY 4-RELIGIONS OF THE MIDDLE EAST We will be now investigating the various religions that are in the Middle East which are Zoroastrianism, Christianity, Islam, and Judaism. In today’s world there are still conflicts and disputes between these religions due to their different beliefs and ethics that have been brought into politics thus making it very chaotic and unstable. We need to know what exactly happened or what really began the movement of these religions and how their beliefs contradicted those from other systems. To begin with, we will discuss about Zoroastrianism which originated from the cousins of the Indo-Aryans of India who depicted various beliefs and attitudes from the same group. Zoroaster the founder who was born around 660 BCE had left his family to wander searching for answers to his religious questionings. Later at the age of 30, a prophetic vision of a figure of an archangel Vohu Manah that guided him to Ahura Mazda. From there he was able to learn the doctrines and duties in order to become the prophet of Ahura Mazda. He tried to spread the message to the people but found very little success until he came by upon a king named Vishtaspa from where it was incorporated into his regime. “Avesta” were the sacred texts which contained the Yasna(hymns of Zoroaster) and the Gathas(his life and preaching).Under his teachings, he believed that Ahura was good while the devas were evil(in Hinduism it was the other way around) and in having moral law of human righteousness from one superior, all knowing God.
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