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1Congress & the PresidentSteven PoseyDecember 11, 2018POL/115Congress
2The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the country's federal government. The Congress consists of two chambers: The House of Representatives and the Senate. The House of Representatives members serve a two-year term representing the people of their district. Representatives introduce bills and resolutions, offer amendments and serve on committees. The number of representatives is based on the state's population. Unlike the representatives, each state is appointed two senators, no matter the population of the state. Senators serve a six-year term instead of two. The Senator's roles include writing and passing laws, approving many presidential appointments, and ratifying treaties with other countries. The Senate and the House both have standing committees. These are permanent and do not change. The House's standing committee involves the budget, ways and means, and armed services. The Senate's committees involve appropriations, foreign relations, and courts. Major political parties are organized at the local, state, and national levels. Local parties participate in municipal and county elections. State parties prepare for statewide elections. These members may be picked through primary, state or caucus processes. National parties run for Congress and the presidency. Each party has its committee. Congress' House of Representatives has a Speaker of the House. The Majority Leader follows close behind and is handpicked by the